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Saribas, Deniz; Gonca Akdemir, Zeynep – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Today's world requires citizens to make informed decisions by critically evaluating evidence and alternative explanations. The purpose of this study was to explore pre-service elementary teachers' capability of building a model--evidence link, their evaluation levels on the topic of wetlands, and their evaluations of the trustworthiness of the…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Visual Aids, Teaching Methods, Models
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Öberg, Gunilla; Campbell, Alice – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
There is an urgent need to strengthen undergraduate science students' epistemic knowledge, which requires having the scientists "qua" teachers on board. The divide between scientists' perceptions of science and the perceptions held by those who study science is in this context problematic. Even so, this remains a sorely understudied…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts, Scientific Principles, Foreign Countries
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Liu, Qing-Tang; Liu, Bo-Wei; Lin, Yu-Ren – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
The present study investigated the influence of two factors, namely, argumentation approach and students' prior knowledge on the learning of scientific concept and argumentation in descriptive and theoretical scientific concept-based topics. Four 7th grade science classes totalling 138 students participated and were assigned to four groups…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Cooperative Learning, Electronic Learning, Persuasive Discourse
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Lally, Diane; Forbes, Cory – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Introductory undergraduate courses present an opportunity to use disciplinary concepts in solving authentic problems. Making complex natural systems accessible to students through computer-based models allows them to practice making evidence-based predictions and communicate understanding. Despite the importance of modelling tools in formal…
Descriptors: Models, Water, Introductory Courses, Undergraduate Students
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Tretter, Thomas R.; Ardasheva, Yuliya; Morrison, Judith A.; Karin Roo, Anna – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This study investigated ways to foster positive science attitudes among newcomer first-year middle school English learners (n = 79) under two conditions: (1) "Extended Science + Extended Literacy" (planetarium-based visualisations + vocabulary + comic and trade books) and (2) "Extended Science + Literacy" (planetarium-based…
Descriptors: Scientific Attitudes, Middle School Students, English Language Learners, Secondary School Science
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Lan, Shu-Wen; de Oliveira, Luciana C. – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Recent science-education reforms have targeted students' ability to 'talk science', especially in science classrooms. Prior research has shown that participation in scientific discourse in class is one of the most challenging scientific-literacy tasks, and particularly complex for English language learners (ELLs) at the upper elementary level. The…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Science Instruction, Student Participation, Scientific Literacy
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Wang, Yan; Lavonen, Jari; Tirri, Kirsi – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This research compared how the scientific literacy-related goals of the current Chinese and Finnish national science curricula at primary school level are actualised using a revised Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) scientific literacy framework in the content analysis of the curricula. The content of the curricula focuses…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Scientific Literacy, Science Curriculum
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Le Hebel, Florence; Tiberghien, Andrée; Montpied, Pascale; Fontanieu, Valérie – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This study focuses on the teachers' predictions of the students' performances -- in particular the middle-low achievers -- while solving tasks testing inquiry competencies. The tasks come from PISA science. More specifically we study science teachers' predictions for several aspects: levels of difficulty of the tasks, the potential sources of…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Expectations of Students, Prediction, Scientific Literacy
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Zhu, Yuanze – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
In recent years, research on students' scientific competencies has generated much discussion. According to the PISA 2015 Assessment and Analytical Framework, both scientific competencies and attitudes towards science -- interest in science, valuing scientific approaches to enquiry (or epistemological beliefs about science), and environmental…
Descriptors: Science Education, Scientific Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Competence
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Meneses, Alejandra; Escobar, José-Pablo; Véliz, Soledad – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Reading comprehension is a crucial skill that elementary school students must develop in order to learn science. However, there is not yet enough research about the role that multimodal texts play in scaffolding student reading comprehension of complex scientific processes, such as energy transfer. This study explored how verbal and visual…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, Experimental Groups
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Sutter, A. McKinzie; Dauer, Jenny M.; Forbes, Cory T. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
One aim of science education is to develop scientific literacy for decision-making in daily life. Socio-scientific issues (SSI) and structured decision-making frameworks can help students reach these objectives. This research uses value belief norm (VBN) theory and construal level theory (CLT) to explore students' use of personal values in their…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Norms, Undergraduate Students, Decision Making
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Archila, Pablo Antonio; Molina, Jorge; Truscott de Mejía, Anne-Marie – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Formative assessment, bilingualism, and argumentation when combined can enrich bilingual scientific literacy. However, argumentation receives little attention in the practice of bilingual science education. This article describes the effect of a formative assessment-based pedagogical strategy in promoting university students' argumentation. It…
Descriptors: Formative Evaluation, Persuasive Discourse, Bilingual Education, Science Instruction
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Dori, Yehudit Judy; Avargil, Shirly; Kohen, Zehavit; Saar, Liora – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Context-based learning (CBL), promoting students' scientific text comprehension, and fostering metacognitive skills, plays an important role in science education. Our study involves CBL through comprehension and analysis of adapted scientific articles. We developed a module which integrates metacognitive prompts for guiding students to monitor…
Descriptors: Relevance (Education), Scientific and Technical Information, Metacognition, Cues
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Patterson, Alexis; Roman, Diego; Friend, Michelle; Osborne, Jonathan; Donovan, Brian – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Reading is fundamental to science and not an adjunct to its practice. In other words, understanding the meaning of the various forms of written discourse employed in the creation, discussion, and communication of scientific knowledge is inherent to how science works. The language used in science, however, sets up a barrier, that in order to be…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Science Instruction, Reading Comprehension, Pedagogical Content Knowledge
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Yacoubian, Hagop A. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Scientifically literate citizens must be able to engage in making decisions on science-based social issues. In this paper, I start by showing examples of science curricula and policy documents that capitalise the importance of engaging future citizens in decision-making processes whether at the personal or at the societal levels. I elucidate the…
Descriptors: Scientific Literacy, Democracy, Decision Making, Science Curriculum
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