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Kaya, Ebru; Erduran, Sibel; Aksoz, Busra; Akgun, Selin – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
A recent framework on nature of science (NOS) is the Family Resemblance Approach (FRA). FRA presents NOS as a cognitive-epistemic and social-institutional system with a set of categories: aims and values, scientific methods, scientific practices, scientific knowledge and social-institutional aspects of science. Although FRA has been problematised…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers, Science Instruction
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Öberg, Gunilla; Campbell, Alice – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
There is an urgent need to strengthen undergraduate science students' epistemic knowledge, which requires having the scientists "qua" teachers on board. The divide between scientists' perceptions of science and the perceptions held by those who study science is in this context problematic. Even so, this remains a sorely understudied…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts, Scientific Principles, Foreign Countries
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Lavi, Rea; Dori, Yehudit Judy – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Systems thinking is an important skill in science and engineering education. Our study objectives were (1) to create the basis for a systems thinking language common to both science education and engineering education, and (2) to apply this language to assess science and engineering teachers' systems thinking. We administered two assignments to…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Systems Approach, Science Education, Language Usage
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Postigo, Yolanda; López-Manjón, Asunción – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This paper analyses the extent to which textbook images are designed using the Instructional Criteria for Image Analysis (ICIA) model in textbooks. The ICIA proposed that learning through images involves interaction between the learner, the image, and the activities with images proposed to the student. Images from the main text and activity…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Illustrations, Biology, Criteria
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Liu, Qing-Tang; Liu, Bo-Wei; Lin, Yu-Ren – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
The present study investigated the influence of two factors, namely, argumentation approach and students' prior knowledge on the learning of scientific concept and argumentation in descriptive and theoretical scientific concept-based topics. Four 7th grade science classes totalling 138 students participated and were assigned to four groups…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Cooperative Learning, Electronic Learning, Persuasive Discourse
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Wheeler, Lindsay B.; Mulvey, Bridget K.; Maeng, Jennifer L.; Librea-Carden, Mila Rosa; Bell, Randy L. – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Graduate students regularly teach undergraduate STEM courses and can positively impact students' understanding of science. Yet little research examines graduate students' knowledge about nature of science (NOS) or instructional strategies for teaching graduate students about NOS. This exploratory study sought to understand how a 1-credit Teaching…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, STEM Education, Scientific Principles, Scientific Concepts
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Yang, Wenyuan; Liu, Cheng; Liu, Enshan – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Since inquiry was first introduced to science education, a lot of inquiry-based tasks have appeared in textbooks for supporting an inquiry-based approach. These tasks have great potential to direct the implementation of an inquiry-based approach, as teachers rely heavily on the use of existing instructional materials in most K-12 classrooms.…
Descriptors: Content Analysis, Active Learning, Inquiry, Secondary School Science
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Jankowska, Dorota M.; Gajda, Aleksandra; Karwowski, Maciej – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This article explores how creative visual imagination and creative thinking can help children to construct mental models of space. A mixed-method study, integrating quantitative and qualitative approaches and involving 98 five-year-old children (54 girls and 44 boys) demonstrated that creative visual imagination, rather than creative thinking, is…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Creative Thinking, Visual Learning
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Jansen, Susanne; Knippels, Marie-Christine P. J.; van Joolingen, Wouter R. – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Models are very important tools when learning and communicating about science. Models used in secondary school biology education range from concrete scale models, such as a model of a skeleton, to abstract concept-process models, such as a visualisation of meiosis. Understanding these concept-process models requires a profound understanding of the…
Descriptors: Models, Biology, Science Instruction, Secondary School Science
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Schenk, Linda; Hamza, Karim M.; Enghag, Margareta; Lundegård, Iann; Arvanitis, Leena; Haglund, Karin; Wojcik, Andrzej – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
The present paper takes its point of departure in risk being a relevant content for science education, and that there are many different approaches to how to incorporate it. By reviewing the academic literature on the use and definitions of risk from fields such as engineering, linguistics and philosophy, we identified key elements of the risk…
Descriptors: Science Education, Definitions, Probability, Models
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Malkiewich, Laura J.; Chase, Catherine C. – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Transfer is an important outcome of science and engineering education, but little work has explored factors that facilitate transfer of science concepts from engineering tasks. The transfer literature suggests that noticing deep structure is critical for transfer, but students often fail to do so in engineering tasks. This case study investigates…
Descriptors: Transfer of Training, Scientific Concepts, Physics, High School Students
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Vojír, Karel; Rusek, Martin – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
The number of science education research papers has been rapidly rising in recent years. This number has been particularly influenced by researchers from non-English speaking countries who contribute to the field. With this number of papers, literature reviews gain in importance as they help researchers more easily orient themselves in problem…
Descriptors: Science Curriculum, Textbooks, Science Education, Researchers
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Balta, Nuri; Asikainen, Mervi A. – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
The aim of this study was to characterise thoroughly the differences between Physics Olympiad competitors' and regular students' successes and approaches in relation to counterintuitive dynamics problems (CDPs) in order to discover some of the differences between skilled problem-solvers and those with fewer such skills. A total of 23 Physics…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Physics, Science Instruction, Competition
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Shaban, Yara; Wilkerson, Michelle Hoda – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Science educators demonstrated that students' framings -- their expectations of what is going on -- influence how they participate, and what science knowledge they reveal, in clinical interviews. This paper complements research that explores how interviewers are likely to affect student framings, by exploring how subtler interactions can lead…
Descriptors: Science Education, Student Behavior, Epistemology, Scientific Concepts
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Alred, Ashley R.; Doherty, Jennifer H.; Hartley, Laurel M.; Harris, Cornelia B.; Dauer, Jenny M. – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
An understanding of biological variation is important for understanding ecological interactions, ecosystem function, and species' response to environmental change. Biological variation is essential to species survival because natural selection acts upon the phenotypic variation within a population: the more varied the population's genetic…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Knowledge Level, Scientific Concepts
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