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Mahler, Daniela; Großschedl, Jörg; Harms, Ute – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
Teachers make a difference for the outcome of their students in science classrooms. One focus in this context lies on teachers' professional knowledge. We describe this knowledge according to three domains, namely (1) content knowledge (CK), (2) pedagogical content knowledge (PCK), and (3) curricular knowledge (CuK). We hypothesise a positive…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Science Teachers, Foreign Countries, Pedagogical Content Knowledge
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Sheldrake, Richard – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
Understanding students' intentions to study science at upper-secondary school, at university, and to follow science careers continues as a central concern for international science education. Prior research has highlighted that students' science confidence has been associated with their intentions to study science further, although…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Science Education, Secondary School Students, Secondary School Science
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Brown, Patrick L.; Concannon, James P. – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
This study investigated eighth-grade science students' (13-14-year-olds) perceptions of their vocabulary knowledge, learning, and content achievement. Data sources included pre- and posttest of students' perceptions of vocabulary knowledge, students' perceptions of vocabulary and reading strategies surveys, and a content achievement test.…
Descriptors: Secondary School Science, Student Attitudes, Vocabulary Development, Vocabulary Skills
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Fung, Dennis; Lui, Wai-mei – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
This paper, through discussion of a teaching intervention at two secondary schools in Hong Kong, demonstrates the learning advancement brought about by group work and dissects the facilitating role of teachers in collaborative discussions. One-hundred and fifty-two Secondary Two (Grade 8) students were divided into three pedagogical groups, namely…
Descriptors: Teacher Role, Science Instruction, Science Education, Group Activities
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Yang, Wen-Tsung; Lin, Yu-Ren; She, Hsiao-Ching; Huang, Kai-Yi – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
This study investigated the effects of students' prior science knowledge and online learning approaches (social and individual) on their learning with regard to three topics: science concepts, inquiry, and argumentation. Two science teachers and 118 students from 4 eighth-grade science classes were invited to participate in this research. Students…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Electronic Learning, Scientific Literacy, Knowledge Level
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Shemwell, Jonathan T.; Gwarjanski, Kalee R.; Capps, Daniel K.; Avargil, Shirly; Meyer, Joanna L. – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
In scientific arguments, claims must have meaning that extends beyond the immediate circumstances of an investigation. That is, claims must be generalised in some way. Therefore, teachers facilitating classroom argumentation must be prepared to support students' efforts to construct or criticise generalised claims. However, widely used…
Descriptors: Generalization, Persuasive Discourse, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Grünkorn, Juliane; Upmeier zu Belzen, Annette; Krüger, Dirk – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
Research in the field of students' understandings of models and their use in science describes different frameworks concerning these understandings. Currently, there is no conjoint framework that combines these structures and so far, no investigation has focused on whether it reflects students' understandings sufficiently (empirical evaluation).…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comprehension, Models, Secondary School Students
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Zhang, Zhihui Helen; Linn, Marcia C. – International Journal of Science Education, 2013
Dynamic visualizations can make unseen phenomena such as chemical reactions visible but students need guidance to benefit from them. This study explores the value of generating drawings versus selecting among alternatives to guide students to learn chemical reactions from a dynamic visualization of hydrogen combustion as part of an online inquiry…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Visual Aids, Freehand Drawing
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Dawson, Vaille; Venville, Grady Jane – International Journal of Science Education, 2009
The aim of this research was to explore Australian high-school students' argumentation and informal reasoning about biotechnology. Data were obtained from semi-structured interviews with 10 Year-8 students (12-13 years old), 14 Year-10 students (14-15 years old) and 6 Year-12 students (16-17 years old) from six metropolitan high schools in Perth,…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Biotechnology, Foreign Countries, Scientific Literacy
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Chang, Chun-Yen; Chang, Yueh-Hsia; Yang, Fang-Ying – International Journal of Science Education, 2009
The educational reform movement since the 1990s has led the secondary earth science curriculum in Taiwan into a stage of reshaping. The present study investigated secondary earth science teachers' perceptions on the Goals of Earth Science Education (GESE). The GESE should express the statements of philosophy and purpose toward which educators…
Descriptors: Secondary School Science, Teacher Attitudes, National Standards, Teacher Surveys
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Wang, Jing-Ru; Lin, Sheau-Wen – International Journal of Science Education, 2009
The purpose of the study was to describe the development and application of an instrument to identify various dimensions of the learning environment, as perceived by elementary and middle school students in Taiwan. The instrument, the New Constructivist Learning Environment Scales, includes four dimensions: attitude concerning instruction,…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Middle School Students, Secondary School Science, Comprehension
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Parsons, Eileen R. C.; Tran, Lynn Uyen; Gomillion, Crystall Travis – International Journal of Science Education, 2008
Achievement disparities among racial groups attest to the elusiveness of the "science for all" goal, an emphasis of reform efforts in the USA. One popular approach to making science accessible to all is group work. The study investigated roles attained by five African American and six European-American eighth graders working in small,…
Descriptors: African American Students, White Students, Racial Composition, Racial Relations