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Patterson, Alexis; Roman, Diego; Friend, Michelle; Osborne, Jonathan; Donovan, Brian – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Reading is fundamental to science and not an adjunct to its practice. In other words, understanding the meaning of the various forms of written discourse employed in the creation, discussion, and communication of scientific knowledge is inherent to how science works. The language used in science, however, sets up a barrier, that in order to be…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Science Instruction, Reading Comprehension, Pedagogical Content Knowledge
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Henderson, J. Bryan; MacPherson, Anna; Osborne, Jonathan; Wild, Andrew – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
This paper argues that science education has overemphasized the importance of construction at the expense of critique. In doing so, it draws on two key premises--Ford's argument that the construction of knowledge requires a dialectic between construction and critique and Mercier and Sperber's theory of argumentative reasoning that critique is…
Descriptors: Role, Science Education, Epistemology, Literacy
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DeWitt, Jennifer; Archer, Louise; Osborne, Jonathan – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
Students' engagement with science and the numbers pursuing further study of science continue to be a concern among policy-makers, particularly in Western countries. Previous research reflects that most children have positive attitudes to science at age 10 but that, by age 14, attitudes towards and interest in further pursuit of science have…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Surveys, Scientific Attitudes, Science Careers
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Evagorou, Maria; Jimenez-Aleixandre, Maria Pilar; Osborne, Jonathan – International Journal of Science Education, 2012
A problem that is still unexplored in the field of socioscientific issues (SSI) and that was explored in this study is how different students decide upon a SSI they are discussing, how their justifications change during the instruction and how they use (or not) the evidence from the learning environment to support their justifications. For the…
Descriptors: Relevance (Education), Evidence, Student Attitudes, Foreign Countries
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DeWitt, Jennifer; Osborne, Jonathan – International Journal of Science Education, 2010
One issue of interest to practitioners and researchers in science centres concerns what meanings visitors are making from their interactions with exhibits and how they make sense of these experiences. The research reported in this study is an exploratory attempt, therefore, to investigate this process by using video clips and still photographs of…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Exhibits, Foreign Countries, Science Teaching Centers
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Avraamidou, Lucy; Osborne, Jonathan – International Journal of Science Education, 2009
The present theoretical paper presents a case for the use of narrative (i.e., fictional written text) in science education as a way of making science meaningful, relevant, and accessible to the public. Grounded in literature pointing to the value of narrative in supporting learning and the need to explore new modes of communicating science, this…
Descriptors: Science Education, Communication Research, Text Structure, Grade 5
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DeWitt, Jennifer; Osborne, Jonathan – International Journal of Science Education, 2007
Although science centres and museums are important educational resources, school trips to these places are not often conducted in a manner that could maximise learning. In addressing this issue, a Framework for Museum Practice (FMP) is proposed, derived from the perspectives of Cultural Historical Activity Theory, theories of intrinsic motivation,…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Institutional Cooperation, Coordination, Partnerships in Education
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Simon, Shirley; Erduran, Sibel; Osborne, Jonathan – International Journal of Science Education, 2006
The research reported in this study focuses on an investigation into the teaching of argumentation in secondary science classrooms. Over a 1-year period, a group of 12 teachers from schools in the greater London area attended a series of workshops to develop materials and strategies to support the teaching of argumentation in scientific contexts.…
Descriptors: Secondary Education, Research and Development, Workshops, Persuasive Discourse
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Osborne, Jonathan; Simon, Shirley; Collins, Sue – International Journal of Science Education, 2003
This article offers a review of the major literature about attitudes to science and its implications over the past 20 years. It argues that the continuing decline in numbers choosing to study science at the point of choice requires a research focus on students' attitudes to science if the nature of the problem is to be understood and remediated.…
Descriptors: Literature Reviews, Student Attitudes, Student Motivation, Science Instruction
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Osborne, Jonathan; Collins, Sue – International Journal of Science Education, 2001
Investigates pupils' perceptions of their experience with school science. Documents a range of views that pupils held about the science curriculum, aspects they found either interesting and/or valuable, and their views about its future content. Conducts 20 focus groups with 144 16-year-old students. Pupils' perspectives of school science reveal…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Focus Groups, Science Curriculum, Science Instruction
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Newton, Paul; Driver, Rosalind; Osborne, Jonathan – International Journal of Science Education, 1999
Examines whether secondary science teachers in England give students opportunities to develop and rehearse the skills of argumentation during their lessons. Finds that classroom discourse was largely teacher-dominated and tended not to foster the reflective discussion of scientific issues. Contains 43 references. (Author/WRM)
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Classroom Environment, Discourse Analysis, Foreign Countries