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ERIC Number: EJ1189346
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2168-3603
Yoga for Kenyan Children: Concept-Mapping with Multidimensional Scaling and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis
Cook-Cottone, Catherine; Giambrone, Carla; Klein, Jessalyn
International Journal of School & Educational Psychology, v6 n3 p151-164 2018
The Africa Yoga Project (AYP) provides voluntary yoga classes for schoolchildren across Kenya. To study student perceived effects, a mixed-methods concept mapping methodology was utilized combining multidimensional scaling (MDS) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA). Children (ages 8-14) who practice yoga with AYP completed the two-phase process of data collection. In Phase 1, 155 children participated in brainstorming sessions asking in what ways they had changed since practicing yoga. Their ideas were aggregated into a list of 85 statements reflecting perceived effects of yoga. In Phase 2, 109 children from the same locations sorted and rated brainstormed effects (Phase 2; N = 109). Analysis yielded a two-dimensional map representing how generated statements were associated in terms of how students understood their relatedness to each other (sorting) and the magnitude of importance (rating). The AYP student concept map met validity standards with an MDS stress value of .32, indicating a model fit within accepted levels. Overall, students' perceptions are reflected in the following concepts (in order of importance rating): finding steadiness and ease, increased wellness, improved physical and emotional health, gratitude for yoga community and practice, neurological and interpersonal integration, and experience of efficacy and possibility. The specific outcomes are discussed along with implications for practice and research.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kenya