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DeCino, Daniel A.; Waalkes, Phillip L. – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2019
Thoroughly conceptualized and designed member checks can strengthen credibility in qualitative research. Member checks can help researchers increase accuracy of their findings, reflect on their topic, and create change. Although member checks are widely used, numerous researchers have argued that they are often underdeveloped in terms of design…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Qualitative Research, Credibility, Interviews
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Yorke, Mantz – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2011
Data that have been collected for specific purposes may be exploited in the service of other interests (such as institutional research), though the exploitation may have to be accompanied by methodological compromises of various kinds. As a consequence, the findings might satisfy the criterion of being "good enough" for the purposes of practical…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Higher Education, Institutional Research
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Trifonas, Peter Pericles – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2009
In recent decades, proponents of naturalistic and/or critical modes of inquiry advocating the use of ethnographic techniques for the narrative-based study of phenomena within pedagogical contexts have challenged the central methodological paradigm of educational research: that is, the tendency among its practitioners to adhere to quantitative…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Models, Research Methodology, Epistemology
Dorman, Jeffrey P. – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2008
This article discusses issues associated with statistical testing conducted with data from clustered school samples. Empirical researchers often conduct tests of statistical inference on sample data to ascertain the extent to which differences exist within groups in the population. Typically, much school-related data are collected from students.…
Descriptors: Testing, Statistical Significance, Statistical Inference, Data Analysis
Gorard, Stephen – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2007
This paper presents an argument against the wider adoption of complex forms of data analysis, using multi-level modeling (MLM) as an extended case study. MLM was devised to overcome some deficiencies in existing datasets, such as the bias caused by clustering. The paper suggests that MLM has an unclear theoretical and empirical basis, has not led…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Research Methodology, Error of Measurement, Error Correction
Parker, Andrew; Tritter, Jonathan – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2006
This paper considers the contemporary use of focus groups as a method of data collection within qualitative research settings. The authors draw upon their own experiences of using focus groups in educational and "community" user-group environments in order to provide an overview of recent issues and debates surrounding the deployment of focus…
Descriptors: Focus Groups, Research Methodology, Qualitative Research, Data Collection
Hahs-Vaughn, Debbie L. – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2006
Oversampling and cluster sampling must be addressed when analyzing complex sample data. This study: (a) compares parameter estimates when applying weights versus not applying weights; (b) examines subset selection issues; (c) compares results when using standard statistical software (SPSS) versus specialized software (AM); and (d) offers…
Descriptors: Multivariate Analysis, Sampling, Data Analysis, Error of Measurement