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Bai, Haiyan; Sivo, Stephen A.; Pan, Wei; Fan, Xitao – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2016
Among the commonly used resampling methods of dealing with small-sample problems, the bootstrap enjoys the widest applications because it often outperforms its counterparts. However, the bootstrap still has limitations when its operations are contemplated. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine an alternative, new resampling method…
Descriptors: Sampling, Structural Equation Models, Statistical Inference, Comparative Analysis
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Bai, Haiyan – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2011
Propensity score matching (PSM) has become a popular approach for research studies when randomization is infeasible. However, there are significant differences in the effectiveness of selection bias reduction among the existing PSM methods and, therefore, it is challenging for researchers to select an appropriate matching method. This current…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Researchers, Comparative Analysis, Scores
Bai, Haiyan; Pan, Wei – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2008
Resampling methods including randomization test, cross-validation, the jackknife and the bootstrap are widely employed in the research areas of natural science, engineering and medicine, but they lack appreciation in educational research. The purpose of the present review is to revisit and highlight the key principles and developments of…
Descriptors: Research Problems, Educational Research, Program Validation, Statistical Surveys