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Conway, Laura J.; Levickis, Penny A.; Smith, Jodie; Mensah, Fiona; Wake, Melissa; Reilly, Sheena – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Identifying risk and protective factors for language development informs interventions for children with developmental language disorder (DLD). Maternal responsive and intrusive communicative behaviours are associated with language development. Mother-child interaction quality may influence how children use these behaviours in language…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Video Technology, Play
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Spencer, Kristie A.; France, Ashley A. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2016
Background: The speech characteristics of ataxic dysarthria are known to be quite diverse. The varied presentation of this dysarthria challenges researchers and clinicians alike, and brings into question whether it is a single entity. While the possibility of subtypes of ataxic dysarthria has been suggested, the nature of these putative groups…
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Neurological Impairments, Speech Language Pathology, Pilot Projects
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Eriksson, Karin; Hartelius, Lena; Saldert, Charlotta – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2016
Background: Communication partner training (CPT) has been shown to improve the communicative environment of people with aphasia. Interaction-focused training is one type of training that provides an individualized intervention to participants. Although shown to be effective, outcomes have mostly been evaluated in non-experimental case studies.…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Training, Cooperative Learning, Interaction
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Hudson, Sophie; Levickis, Penny; Down, Kate; Nicholls, Ruth; Wake, Melissa – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2015
Background: Maternal responsiveness has been shown to predict child language outcomes in clinical samples of children with language delay and non-representative samples of typically developing children. An effective and timely measure of maternal responsiveness for use at the population level has not yet been established. Aims: To determine…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Language Acquisition, Language Impairments
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Murray, Elizabeth; Power, Emma; Togher, Leanne; McCabe, Patricia; Munro, Natalie; Smith, Katherine – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2013
Background: speechBITE (http://www.speechbite.com) is an online database established in order to help speech and language therapists gain faster access to relevant research that can used in clinical decision-making. In addition to containing more than 3000 journal references, the database also provides methodological ratings on the PEDro-P (an…
Descriptors: Bibliographic Databases, Reliability, Rating Scales, Benchmarking
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Strekas, Amy; Ratner, Nan Bernstein; Berl, Madison; Gaillard, William D. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2013
Background: There is a noticeable publication gap in the speech-language pathology literature regarding the language abilities of children with common types of epilepsy. This paper reviews studies that suggest a high frequency of undetected language problems in this population, and it proposes the need for pragmatically based assessment of…
Descriptors: Epilepsy, Children, Language Skills, Language Impairments
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Rinaldi, Pasquale; Baruffaldi, Francesca; Burdo, Sandro; Caselli, Maria Cristina – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2013
Background: An increasing number of deaf children received cochlear implants (CI) in the first years of life, but no study has focused on linguistic and pragmatic skills in children with CI younger than 3 years of age. Aims: To estimate the percentage of children who had received a CI before 2 years of age whose linguistic skills were within the…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Hearing Impairments, Assistive Technology, Language Skills
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Guntupalli, Vijaya K.; Nanjundeswaran, Chayadevie; Dayalu, Vikram N.; Kalinowski, Joseph – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: Fluent speakers and people who stutter manifest alterations in autonomic and emotional responses as they view stuttered relative to fluent speech samples. These reactions are indicative of an aroused autonomic state and are hypothesized to be triggered by the abrupt breakdown in fluency exemplified in stuttered speech. Furthermore,…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Speech Language Pathology, Graduate Students, Females
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Gray, Christina; Baylor, Carolyn; Eadie, Tanya; Kendall, Diane; Yorkston, Kathryn – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: The term "speech usage" refers to what people want or need to do with their speech to fulfil the communication demands in their life roles. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) need to know about clients' speech usage to plan appropriate interventions to meet their life participation goals. The Levels of Speech Usage is a…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Vignettes, Language Impairments, Communication Disorders
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Grande, Marion; Hussmann, Katja; Bay, Elisabeth; Christoph, Swetlana; Piefke, Martina; Willmes, Klaus; Huber, Walter – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2008
Background: Spontaneous speech of aphasic persons is often scored on rating scales assessing aphasic symptoms. Rating scales have the advantage of an easy and fast scoring system, but might lack sensitivity. Quantitative analysis of either aphasic symptoms or basic parameters provides a useful alternative. Basic parameters are essential units of…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Aphasia, Child Language, Rating Scales
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Massa, Jacqueline; Gomes, Hilary; Tartter, Vivien; Wolfson, Virginia; Halperin, Jeffrey M. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2008
Background: Research has shown that early identification of children with language issues is critical for effective intervention, and yet many children are not identified until school age. The use of parent-completed rating scales, especially in urban, minority populations, might improve early identification if parent ratings are found to be…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Language Impairments, Reading Tests, Validity
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Guntupalli, Vijaya K.; Everhart, D. Erik; Kalinowski, Joseph; Nanjundeswaran, Chayadevie; Saltuklaroglu, Tim – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2007
Background: People who stutter produce speech that is characterized by intermittent, involuntary part-word repetitions and prolongations. In addition to these signature acoustic manifestations, those who stutter often display repetitive and fixated behaviours outside the speech producing mechanism (e.g. in the head, arm, fingers, nares, etc.).…
Descriptors: Stereotypes, Metabolism, Investigations, Rating Scales
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Rayner, Helen; Marshall, Jane – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2003
Background: One of the most disabling consequences of aphasia is the way it excludes the person from conversation. A number of studies have attempted to tackle this problem by training the conversational partners of aphasic people. This study offers an evaluation of this approach. Aims: Six volunteers were trained in conversing with people with…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Volunteers, Evaluation Methods, Rating Scales