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Showing 1 to 15 of 87 results Save | Export
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Sherratt, Sue; Bryan, Karen – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Knowledge of the discourse performance of non-brain-damaged individuals is critical not only for its differentiation from disordered expression but also for more accurate models of ageing and communication. The effect of ageing and cognitive skills on the cohesive adequacy of discourse has, until now, presented a confusing and…
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Cognitive Ability, Males, Age Differences
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Sharma, Saryu; Briley, Patrick M.; Wright, Heather Harris; Perry, Jamie L.; Fang, Xiangming; Ellis, Charles – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Stroke is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. Aphasia is a language impairment which results as a consequence of stroke. Gender differences are reported in underlying mechanisms of stroke, however, gender differences in aphasia type and severity remain unclear. Aims: To examine gender differences in aphasia…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Aphasia, Language Impairments, Gender Differences
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Wray, Faye; Clarke, David; Forster, Anne – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Interest in how stroke survivors might be better supported to manage life after stroke has grown rapidly in recent years, with a particular emphasis on enabling 'self-management'. Post-stroke communication difficulties may pose a unique barrier to longer term adaptation and adjustment. It is important to understand how stroke survivors…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Brain, Communication Problems, Communication Skills
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Ryan, Brooke; Bohan, Jaycie; Kneebone, Ian – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Access to treatments for mood disorders may pose a challenge to individuals with compromised communication ability. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have previously reported that their clients with aphasia decline formal psychological support; however, their role in their clients' help-seeking has not been explored. Aims: To…
Descriptors: Help Seeking, Aphasia, Speech Language Pathology, Allied Health Personnel
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Roberts, Hannah; Greenwood, Nan – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Research regarding speech and language therapy (SLT) for patients in prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDOC) is very limited. The Royal College of Physicians' (RCP) PDOC guideline provides recommendations regarding best practice, but does not give detail about many aspects of assessment and management. As a result, SLTs have little…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Speech Therapy, Speech Language Pathology, Best Practices
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Lavoie, Monica; Bier, Nathalie; Macoir, Joël – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Aphasia is an acquired language disorder that occurs secondary to brain injury, such as stroke. It causes communication difficulties that have a significant impact on quality of life and social relationships. Although the efficacy of speech-language therapy has been clearly demonstrated in this population, long-term services are…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Neurological Impairments, Communication Problems, Telecommunications
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Theodoros, Deborah; Aldridge, Danielle; Hill, Anne J.; Russell, Trevor – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Communication and swallowing disorders are highly prevalent in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Maintenance of functional communication and swallowing over time is challenging for the person with PD and their families and may lead to social isolation and reduced quality of life if not addressed. Speech and language therapists…
Descriptors: Diseases, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Communication Skills, Communication Problems
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Sekhon, Jasvinder K.; Oates, Jennifer; Kneebone, Ian; Rose, Miranda – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Speech-language therapists use counselling to address the psychological well-being of people affected by post-stroke aphasia. Speech-language therapists report low counselling knowledge, skill and confidence for working in post-stroke aphasia which may be related to a lack of counselling training specific to the needs of this client…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Speech Language Pathology, Speech Therapy, Well Being
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Barnett, Caroline; Armes, Jean; Smith, Christina – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Functional neurological disorder (FND) is common across healthcare settings. The "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" states that speech and swallowing symptoms can be present in FND. Despite this, there is a dearth of guidelines for speech and language therapists (SLTs) for this client group. Aims: To…
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Language Impairments, Physical Disabilities, Speech Language Pathology
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Park, Hee-Su; Oh, Dong-Hwan; Yoon, Taehyung; Park, Ji-Su – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background; Effortful swallowing training (EST) is a remedial method for the training of swallowing-related muscles in the oropharyngeal phase. However, clinical evidence of its effectiveness is insufficient. Aims; To investigate the effects of EST on tongue strength and swallowing function in patients with stroke. Methods & Procedures; Stroke…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Motor Reactions, Speech Language Pathology, Human Body
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Behn, Nicholas; Marshall, Jane; Togher, Leanne; Cruice, Madeline – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Communication impairments are common and pervasive for people a long time following acquired brain injury (ABI). These impairments have a significant impact on a person's quality of life (QOL) post-injury. Project-based treatment is a treatment approach that could have an impact on communication skills and QOL for people with ABI a…
Descriptors: Head Injuries, Neurological Impairments, Communication Disorders, Outcomes of Treatment
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Shafer, Jennifer S.; Shafer, Paul R.; Haley, Katarina L. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Up to 40% of stroke survivors acquire aphasia and require long-term caregiver assistance after discharge from the hospital. Caregivers assume multiple roles as they help people with aphasia to access outpatient rehabilitative care in an increasingly person-centred model of care. Examining caregiver roles and how different stakeholders…
Descriptors: Caregiver Attitudes, Caregiver Role, Caregivers, Aphasia
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Northcott, Sarah; Simpson, Alan; Moss, Becky; Ahmed, Nafiso; Hilari, Katerina – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: People with aphasia are at risk of becoming depressed and isolated. Online surveys have found that the majority of speech and language therapists (SLTs) lack confidence in addressing the psychological needs of people with aphasia. Aims: To explore how SLTs conceptualize the scope of their role; barriers and facilitators to SLTs…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Speech Language Pathology, Allied Health Personnel, Therapy
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McCurtin, Arlene; Healy, Chiara; Kelly, Linda; Murphy, Fiona; Ryan, Jean; Walsh, Joanne – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Oropharyngeal dysphagia post-stroke is well known, with its presence increasing the risk of poor outcomes in particular aspiration and aspiration pneumonia. Management to minimize the risk of aspiration and improve swallow safety post-stroke includes the treatment of thickened liquids (TL), an established bolus modification…
Descriptors: Eating Disorders, Motor Reactions, Patients, Neurological Impairments
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Marshall, Rebecca Shisler; Laures-Gore, Jacqueline; Love, Kim – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Stroke is currently the leading cause of long-term disability in adults in the United States. There is a need for accessible, low-cost treatments of stroke-related disabilities such as aphasia. Aims: To explore an intervention for aphasia utilizing mindfulness meditation (MM). This preliminary study examines the feasibility of teaching…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Relaxation Training, Attention Control, Outcomes of Treatment
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