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Meerschman, Iris; Lierde, Kristiane; Ketels, Julie; Coppieters, Charlotte; Claeys, Sofie; D'haeseleer, Evelien – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: To date, the immediate effects of a semi-occluded vocal tract (SOVT) configuration have been thoroughly demonstrated. However, it is not yet sufficiently confirmed whether a therapy programme (i.e. longer than one session) using SOVT exercises leads to an enhanced phonation and improved vocal quality. Aims: The aim of this study was to…
Descriptors: Voice Disorders, Therapy, Phonology, Patients
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Kim, Hana; Kintz, Stephen; Zelnosky, Kristen; Wright, Heather Harris – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Discourse analysis procedures are time consuming and impractical in a clinical setting. Critical to clinicians are simple and informative discourse measures that require minimal time and labour to complete. Many studies, however, have overlooked difficulties that clinicians face. We recently developed core lexicon lists for nouns,…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Discourse Analysis, Control Groups, Nouns
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Lavoie, Monica; Bier, Nathalie; Macoir, Joël – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Aphasia is an acquired language disorder that occurs secondary to brain injury, such as stroke. It causes communication difficulties that have a significant impact on quality of life and social relationships. Although the efficacy of speech-language therapy has been clearly demonstrated in this population, long-term services are…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Neurological Impairments, Communication Problems, Telecommunications
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Park, Hee-Su; Oh, Dong-Hwan; Yoon, Taehyung; Park, Ji-Su – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background; Effortful swallowing training (EST) is a remedial method for the training of swallowing-related muscles in the oropharyngeal phase. However, clinical evidence of its effectiveness is insufficient. Aims; To investigate the effects of EST on tongue strength and swallowing function in patients with stroke. Methods & Procedures; Stroke…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Motor Reactions, Speech Language Pathology, Human Body
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Marshall, Rebecca Shisler; Laures-Gore, Jacqueline; Love, Kim – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Stroke is currently the leading cause of long-term disability in adults in the United States. There is a need for accessible, low-cost treatments of stroke-related disabilities such as aphasia. Aims: To explore an intervention for aphasia utilizing mindfulness meditation (MM). This preliminary study examines the feasibility of teaching…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Relaxation Training, Attention Control, Outcomes of Treatment
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Sjögreen, Lotta; Mårtensson, Åsa; Ekström, Anne-Berit – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a slowly progressive multi-systemic disease with an autosomal-dominant inheritance caused by a mutation on chromosome 19 (19q13.3). Aims: To explore speech characteristics in a group of individuals with the congenital and childhood-onset forms of DM1 in terms of intelligibility, speech-sound…
Descriptors: Diseases, Muscular Strength, Speech Impairments, Video Technology
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Cocks, Naomi; Byrne, Suzanne; Pritchard, Madeleine; Morgan, Gary; Dipper, Lucy – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Information from speech and gesture is often integrated to comprehend a message. This integration process requires the appropriate allocation of cognitive resources to both the gesture and speech modalities. People with aphasia are likely to find integration of gesture and speech difficult. This is due to a reduction in cognitive…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Speech Impairments, Case Studies, Nonverbal Communication
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van Knijff, Eline C.; Coene, Martine; Govaerts, Paul J. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Previous research has suggested that speech perception in elderly adults is influenced not only by age-related hearing loss or presbycusis but also by declines in cognitive abilities, by background noise and by the syntactic complexity of the message. Aims: To gain further insight into the influence of these cognitive as well as…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Older Adults, Control Groups, Phonemes
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Wright, Lisa; Pring, Tim; Ebbels, Susan – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Children with developmental language disorder (DLD) frequently have difficulties with word learning and understanding vocabulary. For these children, this can significantly impact on social interactions, daily activities and academic progress. Although there is literature providing a rationale for targeting word learning in such…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intervention, Vocabulary Development
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Dyson, Hannah; Solity, Jonathan; Best, Wendy; Hulme, Charles – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Children's vocabulary knowledge is closely related to other measures of language development and to literacy skills and educational attainment. Aim: To use a regression discontinuity design (RDD) to evaluate the effectiveness of a small-group vocabulary intervention programme for children with poor vocabulary knowledge. Methods &…
Descriptors: Children, Vocabulary, Language Acquisition, Small Group Instruction
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Boyce, Jessica O.; Kilpatrick, Nicky; Reilly, Sheena; Da Costa, Annette; Morgan, Angela T. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Research investigating language skills in school-aged children with non-syndromic cleft lip and/or palate is sparse. Past studies focus on younger populations, lack key comparisons to demographically matched control cohorts or explore language as a component of broader academic skills. Trends of existing studies suggest that affected…
Descriptors: Receptive Language, Expressive Language, Speech Impairments, Control Groups
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Tuller, Laurice; Hamann, Cornelia; Chilla, Solveig; Ferré, Sandrine; Morin, Eléonore; Prevost, Philippe; dos Santos, Christophe; Abed Ibrahim, Lina; Zebib, Racha – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: The detection of specific language impairment (SLI) in children growing up bilingually presents particular challenges for clinicians. Non-word repetition (NWR) and sentence repetition (SR) tasks have proven to be the most accurate diagnostic tools for monolingual populations, raising the question of the extent of their usefulness in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Language Impairments, Bilingualism, Speech Therapy
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Vandenborre, Dorien; Visch-Brink, Evy; van Dun, Kim; Verhoeven, Jo; Mariën, Peter – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Aphasia is characterized by difficulties in connected speech/writing. Aims: To explore the differences between the oral and written description of a picture in individuals with chronic aphasia (IWA) and healthy controls. Descriptions were controlled for productivity, efficiency, grammatical organization, substitution behaviour and…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Indo European Languages, Control Groups, Diagnostic Tests
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Marková, Jana; Horváthová, Lubica; Králová, Mária; Cséfalvay, Zsolt – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2017
Background: According to some studies, sentence comprehension is diminished in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, but they differ on what underlies the sentence comprehension impairment. Sentence comprehension in AD patients has been studied mainly in the English language. It is less clear how patients with AD speaking a morphologically rich…
Descriptors: Alzheimers Disease, Comprehension, Sentences, Grammar
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Haley, Allyson; Hulme, Charles; Bowyer-Crane, Claudine; Snowling, Margaret J.; Fricke, Silke – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2017
Background: While practitioners are increasingly asked to be mindful of the evidence base of intervention programmes, evidence from rigorous trials for the effectiveness of interventions that promote oral language abilities in the early years is sparse. Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of a language intervention programme for children…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Language Skills, Intervention, Preschool Education
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