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Goff, Diane; Patterson, Joanne – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Speech and language therapists (SLT) lack consensus with regard to assessing the swallow function of a patient with a cuff-inflated tracheostomy. In the UK, one-third would not accept such a referral due to perceived negative effects on swallow safety. Patients may be spending longer hospitalized and fed enterally as a result. Aims: To…
Descriptors: Adults, Risk, Motor Reactions, Assistive Technology
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Ebbels, Susan H.; McCartney, Elspeth; Slonims, Vicky; Dockrell, Julie E.; Norbury, Courtenay Frazier – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Paediatric speech and language therapist (SLT) roles often involve planning individualized intervention for specific children, working collaboratively with families and education staff, providing advice, training and coaching and raising awareness. A tiered approach to service delivery is currently recommended whereby services become…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Allied Health Personnel, Speech Therapy, Evidence Based Practice
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Sherratt, Sue; Bryan, Karen – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Knowledge of the discourse performance of non-brain-damaged individuals is critical not only for its differentiation from disordered expression but also for more accurate models of ageing and communication. The effect of ageing and cognitive skills on the cohesive adequacy of discourse has, until now, presented a confusing and…
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Cognitive Ability, Males, Age Differences
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Sultana, Asifa; Stokes, Stephanie F.; Klee, Thomas; Fletcher, Paul – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Children with language disorder across languages have problems with verb morphology. The nature of these problems varies according to the typology of the language. The language analyzed in this paper is the Standard Bangla spoken in Dhaka, Bangladesh, by more than 200 million people. It is an underexplored language with agglutinative…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Verbs, Morphology (Languages), Indo European Languages
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Moloney, Jennifer; Walshe, Margaret – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: There is increasing recognition that dysphagia has significant implications for a person's psychological well-being, social participation and quality of life (QOL). However, a paucity of research exists regarding the clinical management of this area. To inform future research and the development of appropriate and beneficial resources…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Physical Disabilities, Quality of Life, Allied Health Personnel
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Meerschman, Iris; Lierde, Kristiane; Ketels, Julie; Coppieters, Charlotte; Claeys, Sofie; D'haeseleer, Evelien – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: To date, the immediate effects of a semi-occluded vocal tract (SOVT) configuration have been thoroughly demonstrated. However, it is not yet sufficiently confirmed whether a therapy programme (i.e. longer than one session) using SOVT exercises leads to an enhanced phonation and improved vocal quality. Aims: The aim of this study was to…
Descriptors: Voice Disorders, Therapy, Phonology, Patients
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Smith, Jodie; Levickis, Penny; Eadie, Tricia; Bretherton, Lesley; Conway, Laura; Goldfeld, Sharon – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Variations in parenting, more specifically less responsive and more directive parenting, contribute to language difficulties for children experiencing adversity. Further investigation of associations between specific responsive and directive behaviours and child language is required to understand how behaviours shape language over time…
Descriptors: Correlation, Child Language, Mother Attitudes, Mothers
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Bose, Arpita; Höbler, Fiona; Saddy, Douglas – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Severe word production difficulties remain one of the most challenging clinical symptoms to treat in individuals with jargon aphasia. Clinically, it is important to determine why some individuals with jargon aphasia improve following therapy when others do not. We report a therapy study with AM, an individual with severe neologistic…
Descriptors: Jargon, Aphasia, Phonological Awareness, Therapy
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Kim, Hana; Kintz, Stephen; Zelnosky, Kristen; Wright, Heather Harris – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Discourse analysis procedures are time consuming and impractical in a clinical setting. Critical to clinicians are simple and informative discourse measures that require minimal time and labour to complete. Many studies, however, have overlooked difficulties that clinicians face. We recently developed core lexicon lists for nouns,…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Discourse Analysis, Control Groups, Nouns
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Lancaster, Hope S.; Camarata, Stephen – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: There is considerable variability in the presentation of developmental language disorder (DLD). Disagreement amongst professionals about how to characterize and interpret the variability complicates both the research on understanding the nature of DLD and the best clinical framework for diagnosing and treating children with DLD. We…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Bayesian Statistics, Individual Differences, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Behn, Nicholas; Marshall, Jane; Togher, Leanne; Cruice, Madeline – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Cognitive-communication disorders are common following an acquired brain injury (ABI). Remediation should involve individualized goal-setting, yet few reports describe the effectiveness of setting communication goals in a group setting. Aims: To describe a process for setting and achieving goals for people with ABI. Methods &…
Descriptors: Head Injuries, Brain, Communication Problems, Interpersonal Communication
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Sharma, Saryu; Briley, Patrick M.; Wright, Heather Harris; Perry, Jamie L.; Fang, Xiangming; Ellis, Charles – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Stroke is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. Aphasia is a language impairment which results as a consequence of stroke. Gender differences are reported in underlying mechanisms of stroke, however, gender differences in aphasia type and severity remain unclear. Aims: To examine gender differences in aphasia…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Aphasia, Language Impairments, Gender Differences
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Wray, Faye; Clarke, David; Forster, Anne – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Interest in how stroke survivors might be better supported to manage life after stroke has grown rapidly in recent years, with a particular emphasis on enabling 'self-management'. Post-stroke communication difficulties may pose a unique barrier to longer term adaptation and adjustment. It is important to understand how stroke survivors…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Brain, Communication Problems, Communication Skills
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Arias-Trejo, Natalia; Angulo-Chavira, Armando Q.; Barrón-Martínez, Julia B. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Children and adults with neurotypical development employ linguistic information to predict and anticipate information. Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have weaknesses in language production and the domain of grammar but relative strengths in language comprehension and the domain of semantics. What is not clear is the extent to…
Descriptors: Verbs, Eye Movements, Down Syndrome, Children
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Boyce, Jessica O.; Sanchez, Katherine; Amor, David J.; Reilly, Sheena; Da Costa, Annette; Kilpatrick, Nicky; Morgan, Angela T. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Submucous cleft palate (SMCP) has a heterogeneous presentation and is often identified late or misdiagnosed. Diagnosis is prompted by speech, resonance or feeding symptoms associated with velopharyngeal insufficiency. However, the broader impacts of SMCP on communication have rarely been examined and therefore are poorly understood.…
Descriptors: Human Body, Speech Impairments, Communication Problems, Communication Skills
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