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O'Neill, Michelle; Henderson, Mo; Duffy, Orla M.; Kernohan, W. George – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Awake craniotomy with electrical stimulation has become the gold standard for tumour resection in eloquent areas of the brain. Patients' speech during the procedure can inform the intervention and evidence for language experts to support the procedure is building. Within the UK a burgeoning speech and language therapist awake…
Descriptors: Brain, Stimulation, Surgery, Cancer
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Sproson, Lise; Pownall, Sue; Enderby, Pam; Freeman, Jenny – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Dysphagia is common after stroke, affecting up to 50% of patients initially. It can lead to post-stroke pneumonia, which causes 30% of stroke-related deaths, a longer hospital stay and poorer health outcomes. Dysphagia care post-stroke generally focuses on the management of symptoms, via modified oral intake textures and adapted…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Physical Disabilities, Eating Disorders, Pilot Projects
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McGowan, Susan L.; Ward, Elizabeth C.; Wall, Laurelie R.; Shellshear, Leanne R.; Spurgin, Ann-Louise – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2014
Background: Many speech and language therapists (SLTs) work with patients who have a tracheostomy. There is limited information about their working practices and the extent to which recent publications and research have influenced the speech and language therapy management of the tracheostomized patient. Aims: This study reviews the current…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Patients, Allied Health Personnel, Speech Language Pathology
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Ward, Elizabeth; Morgan, Tessa; McGowan, Sue; Spurgin, Ann-Louise; Solley, Maura – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: Literature regarding the education, training, clinical support and confidence of speech-language therapists (SLTs) working with patients with a tracheostomy is limited; however, it suggests that many clinicians have reduced clinical confidence when managing this complex population, many face role and team challenges practising in this…
Descriptors: Evidence, Workplace Learning, Clinical Experience, Medical Education
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Hoben, Kirsty; Varley, Rosemary; Cox, Richard – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2007
Background: Difficulties experienced by novices in clinical reasoning have been well documented in many professions, especially medicine (Boshuizen and Schmidt 1992, 2000; Elstein, Shulman and Sprafka 1978; Patel and Groen 1986; Rikers, Loyens and Schmidt 2004). These studies have shown that novice clinicians have difficulties with both knowledge…
Descriptors: Test Results, Speech Therapy, Patients, Medical Education