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Onslow, Mark; Lowe, Robyn – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: The Rotterdam Evaluation Study of Stuttering Therapy randomized trial (RESTART) was seminal, comparing the Lidcombe Program with RESTART Demands and Capacities Model-based treatment (RESTART-DCM) for pre-school age children who stutter. Aims: To critique the methods of the RESTART trial to develop guidelines for its systematic…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Early Intervention, Preschool Children, Speech Therapy
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Lowe, Robyn; Menzies, Ross; Packman, Ann; O'Brian, Sue; Jones, Mark; Onslow, Mark – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2016
Background: Many adults who stutter presenting for speech treatment experience social anxiety disorder. The presence of mental health disorders in adults who stutter has been implicated in a failure to maintain speech treatment benefits. Contemporary theories of social anxiety disorder propose that the condition is maintained by negative…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Adults, Speech Therapy, Anxiety Disorders
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Karimi, Hamid; Jones, Mark; O'Brian, Sue; Onslow, Mark – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2014
Background: At present, percent syllables stuttered (%SS) is the gold standard outcome measure for behavioural stuttering treatment research. However, ordinal severity rating (SR) procedures have some inherent advantages over that method. Aims: To establish the relationship between Clinician %SS, Clinician SR and self-reported Speaker SR. To…
Descriptors: Syllables, Stuttering, Severity (of Disability), Measurement Techniques
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Cocomazzo, Nadia; Block, Susan; Carey, Brenda; O'Brian, Sue; Onslow, Mark; Packman, Ann; Iverach, Lisa – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Objectives: During speech pathology professional preparation there is a need for adequate student instruction with speech-restructuring treatments for adults. An important part of that clinical educational experience is to participate in a clinical setting that produces outcomes equivalent to those attained during clinical trials. A previous…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Clinics, Outcomes of Treatment, Educational Experience
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Carey, Brenda; O'Brian, Sue; Onslow, Mark; Block, Susan; Jones, Mark; Packman, Ann – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2010
Background: Although there are treatments that can alleviate stuttering in adults for clinically significant periods, in Australia there are barriers to the accessibility and availability of best-practice treatment. Aims: This parallel group, non-inferiority randomized controlled trial with multiple blinded outcome assessments investigated whether…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Outcomes of Treatment, Foreign Countries, Telecommunications
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Cream, Angela; O'Brian, Sue; Onslow, Mark; Packman, Ann; Menzies, Ross – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2009
Background: Speech restructuring is an efficacious method for the alleviation of stuttered speech. However, post-treatment relapse is common. Aims: To investigate whether the use of video self-modelling using restructured stutter-free speech reduces stuttering in adults who had learnt a speech-restructuring technique and subsequently relapsed.…
Descriptors: Intervention, Stuttering, Effect Size, Clinics
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St Clare, Tamsen; Menzies, Ross G.; Onslow, Mark; Packman, Ann; Thompson, Robyn; Block, Susan – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2009
Background: Those who stutter have a proclivity to social anxiety. Yet, to date, there is no comprehensive measure of thoughts and beliefs about stuttering that represent the cognitions associated with that anxiety. Aims: The present paper describes the development of a measure to assess unhelpful thoughts and beliefs about stuttering. Methods &…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Behavior Modification, Validity, Effect Size
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Langevin, Marilyn; Kleitman, Sabina; Packman, Ann; Onslow, Mark – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2009
Background: Persistent calls for school-based education about stuttering necessitate a better understanding of peer attitudes toward children who stutter and a means to measure outcomes of such educational interventions. Langevin and Hagler in 2004 developed the Peer Attitudes Toward Children who Stutter scale (PATCS) to address these needs and…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Stuttering, Construct Validity, Factor Structure
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Jones, Mark; Onslow, Mark; Packman, Ann; O'Brian, Sue; Hearne, Anna; Williams, Shelley; Ormond, Tika; Schwarz, Ilsa – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2008
Background: In the Lidcombe Program of Early Stuttering Intervention, parents present verbal contingencies for stutter-free and stuttered speech in everyday situations. A previous randomized controlled trial of the programme with preschool-age children from 2005, conducted in two public speech clinics in New Zealand, showed that the odds of…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Early Intervention, Stuttering, Preschool Children
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Block, Susan; Onslow, Mark; Packman, Ann; Dacakis, Georgia – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2006
"Background": Clinical trials have shown that behavioural treatments based on variants of prolonged-speech (PS) are best practice for reducing the stuttering rate in adults. However, while stuttering is significantly reduced or eliminated for most adults in the short-term with such treatment, relapse in the longer-term is common. Consequently,…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Outcomes of Treatment, Psychotherapy, Predictor Variables
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Onslow, Mark – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2006
Background: The development of evidence-based practice, which is increasingly popular in stuttering treatment, is closely linked to the development of outcome measures. Aims: Two approaches to the development of stuttering treatment outcome measures are outlined. The first is the deductive, top-down approach, where the development of specific…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Outcomes of Treatment, Anxiety, Logical Thinking
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Kingston, Mary; Huber, Anna; Onslow, Mark; Jones, Mark; Packman, Ann – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2003
Background: The benefits of treating stuttering close to onset have become obvious in recent years, and the Lidcombe Program has emerged as an effective and safe treatment method for children in their preschool years. The benefits of implementing the programme with young children, however, need to be weighed against the knowledge that many…
Descriptors: Clinics, Stuttering, Foreign Countries, Meta Analysis
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Cream, Angela; Onslow, Mark; Packman, Ann; Llewellyn, Gwynnyth – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2003
Background: It is well documented that adults can control stuttering if they use certain novel speech patterns referred to generically as prolonged-speech (PS). These speech patterns were refined in the 1960s and developed into behavioural treatment programmes. The bulk of available PS treatment research has focused on speech parameters thought to…
Descriptors: Speech Therapy, Behavior Modification, Stuttering, Phenomenology
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Block, Susan; Onslow, Mark; Packman, Ann; Gray, Belinda; Dacakis, Georgia – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2005
Background: It has been suggested that one way to increase speech pathologists' confidence in working with people who stutter is to provide them with relevant and stimulating clinical experiences during their professional preparation. This paper describes a treatment programme for adults who stutter that is conducted by speech pathology students,…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Clinics, Speech Language Pathology, Foreign Countries
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Harrison, Elisabeth; Onslow, Mark; Menzies, Ross – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2004
Background: Data have accumulated to show that the Lidcombe Program of early stuttering intervention is a safe treatment with positive outcomes for preschoolers who stutter, and a randomized controlled trial is under way at the time of writing. Program components have not been investigated experimentally so the functionality of each component is…
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Early Intervention, Stuttering, Preschool Children
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