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Zhang, Jianliang; Kalinowski, Joseph; Saltuklaroglu, Tim; Hudock, Daniel – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2010
Background: Previous studies have found simultaneous increases in skin conductance response and decreases in heart rate when normally fluent speakers watched and listened to stuttered speech compared with fluent speech, suggesting that stuttering induces arousal and emotional unpleasantness in listeners. However, physiological responses of persons…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Stuttering, Coping, Speech Skills
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Guntupalli, Vijaya K.; Everhart, D. Erik; Kalinowski, Joseph; Nanjundeswaran, Chayadevie; Saltuklaroglu, Tim – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2007
Background: People who stutter produce speech that is characterized by intermittent, involuntary part-word repetitions and prolongations. In addition to these signature acoustic manifestations, those who stutter often display repetitive and fixated behaviours outside the speech producing mechanism (e.g. in the head, arm, fingers, nares, etc.).…
Descriptors: Stereotypes, Metabolism, Investigations, Rating Scales