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Ritto, Ana Paula; Juste, Fabiola Staróbole; Stuart, Andrew; Kalinowski, Joseph; de Andrade, Claudia Regina Furquim – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2016
Background: Numerous studies have demonstrated the benefit of devices delivering altered auditory feedback (AAF) as a therapeutic alternative for those who stutter. Aims: The effectiveness of a device delivering AAF (SpeechEasy®) was compared with behavioural techniques in the treatment of stuttering in a randomized clinical trial. Methods &…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Auditory Stimuli, Feedback (Response), Adults
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Hudock, Daniel; Kalinowski, Joseph – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2014
Background: Overt stuttering is inhibited by approximately 80% when people who stutter read aloud as they hear an altered form of their speech feedback to them. However, levels of stuttering inhibition vary from 60% to 100% depending on speaking situation and signal presentation. For example, binaural presentations of delayed auditory feedback…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Inhibition, Intervention, Speech Language Pathology
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Guntupalli, Vijaya K.; Nanjundeswaran, Chayadevie; Dayalu, Vikram N.; Kalinowski, Joseph – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: Fluent speakers and people who stutter manifest alterations in autonomic and emotional responses as they view stuttered relative to fluent speech samples. These reactions are indicative of an aroused autonomic state and are hypothesized to be triggered by the abrupt breakdown in fluency exemplified in stuttered speech. Furthermore,…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Speech Language Pathology, Graduate Students, Females
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Zhang, Jianliang; Kalinowski, Joseph – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: It is frequently observed that listeners demonstrate gaze aversion to stuttering. This response may have profound social/communicative implications for both fluent and stuttering individuals. However, there is a lack of empirical examination of listeners' eye gaze responses to stuttering, and it is unclear whether cultural background…
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Cultural Background, Human Body, Stuttering
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Bowers, Andrew L.; Crawcour, Stephen C.; Saltuklaroglu, Tim; Kalinowski, Joseph – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2010
Background: People who stutter are often acutely aware that their speech disruptions, halted communication, and aberrant struggle behaviours evoke reactions in communication partners. Considering that eye gaze behaviours have emotional, cognitive, and pragmatic overtones for communicative interactions and that previous studies have indicated…
Descriptors: Video Technology, College Students, Stuttering, Attention
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Zhang, Jianliang; Kalinowski, Joseph; Saltuklaroglu, Tim; Hudock, Daniel – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2010
Background: Previous studies have found simultaneous increases in skin conductance response and decreases in heart rate when normally fluent speakers watched and listened to stuttered speech compared with fluent speech, suggesting that stuttering induces arousal and emotional unpleasantness in listeners. However, physiological responses of persons…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Stuttering, Coping, Speech Skills
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Saltuklaroglu, Tim; Kalinowski, Joseph; Robbins, Mary; Crawcour, Stephen; Bowers, Andrew – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2009
Background: Stuttering is prone to strike during speech initiation more so than at any other point in an utterance. The use of auditory feedback (AAF) has been found to produce robust decreases in the stuttering frequency by creating an electronic rendition of choral speech (i.e., speaking in unison). However, AAF requires users to self-initiate…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Intervals, Syllables, Stuttering
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Guntupalli, Vijaya K.; Everhart, D. Erik; Kalinowski, Joseph; Nanjundeswaran, Chayadevie; Saltuklaroglu, Tim – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2007
Background: People who stutter produce speech that is characterized by intermittent, involuntary part-word repetitions and prolongations. In addition to these signature acoustic manifestations, those who stutter often display repetitive and fixated behaviours outside the speech producing mechanism (e.g. in the head, arm, fingers, nares, etc.).…
Descriptors: Stereotypes, Metabolism, Investigations, Rating Scales
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Guntupalli, Vijaya K.; Kalinowski, Joseph; Saltuklaroglu, Tim – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2006
Background: Bloodstein reviewed hundreds of studies that investigated the efficacy of therapeutic protocols for ameliorating the stuttering syndrome. Surprisingly, almost all were effective in significantly reducing overtly perceptible behaviours such as repetitions and prolongations of speech sounds. These results seem highly improbable…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Speech, Neurology
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Saltuklaroglu, Tim; Kalinowski, Joseph – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2005
Background: Similar positive results (e.g. immediate decreases in stuttering frequency and a 60-80% recovery rate from stuttering) have been reported for numerous therapeutic protocols for treating childhood stuttering, many of which have been diametrically opposite in their orientations and implementations. For example, Johnson advocated indirect…
Descriptors: Severity (of Disability), Speech Therapy, Pathology, Children
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Kalinowski, Joseph; Saltuklaroglu, Tim; Dayalu, Vikram N.; Guntupalli, Vijaya – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2005
Background: Speech and language therapists treating children who stutter appear to be assigned a difficult task. Natural spontaneous remission accounts for approximately 60-80% of all children recovering from stuttering. Despite our best efforts, no protocol has ever shown its effectiveness separate from natural recovery rates (i.e. 60-80%).…
Descriptors: Questionnaires, Speech Therapy, Stuttering, Children
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Stuart, Andrew; Kalinowski, Joseph; Rastatter, Michael P.; Saltuklaroglu, Tim; Dayalu, Vikram – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2003
Self-contained ear-level devices delivering altered auditory feedback (AAF) for the application with those who stutter have only been recently developed. The paper examines the first therapeutic application of self-contained ear-level devices in three experiments. The effect of the device on the proportion of stuttered syllables and speech…
Descriptors: Investigations, Feedback, Stuttering, Adolescents