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Kuusisto, Marika A.; Nieminen, Pirkko E.; Helminen, Mika T.; Kleemola, Leenamaija – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2017
Background: Earlier research and clinical practice show that specific language impairment (SLI) is often associated with nonverbal cognitive deficits and weakened skills in executive functions (EFs). Executive deficits may have a remarkable influence on a child's everyday activities in the home and school environments. However, research…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Children, Language Impairments, Finno Ugric Languages
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Nordberg, Ann; Dahlgren Sandberg, Annika; Miniscalco, Carmela – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2015
Background: Research on retelling ability and cognition is limited in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and speech impairment. Aims: To explore the impact of expressive and receptive language, narrative discourse dimensions (Narrative Assessment Profile measures), auditory and visual memory, theory of mind (ToM) and non-verbal cognition on the…
Descriptors: Cerebral Palsy, Story Telling, Language Skills, Speech Impairments
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Poll, Gerard H.; Miller, Carol A.; Mainela-Arnold, Elina; Adams, Katharine Donnelly; Misra, Maya; Park, Ji Sook – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2013
Background: More limited working memory capacity and slower processing for language and cognitive tasks are characteristics of many children with language difficulties. Individual differences in processing speed have not consistently been found to predict language ability or severity of language impairment. There are conflicting views on whether…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Short Term Memory, Cognitive Processes, Role
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McGregor, Karla K.; Oleson, Jacob; Bahnsen, Alison; Duff, Dawna – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2013
Background: Deficient vocabulary is a frequently reported symptom of developmental language impairment, but the nature of the deficit and its developmental course are not well documented. Aims: To describe the nature of the deficit in terms of breadth and depth of vocabulary knowledge and to determine whether the nature and the extent of the…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Vocabulary, Grade 2, Grade 4
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Sepulveda, Esther Moraleda; Lopez-Villasenor, Miguel Lazaro; Heinze, Elena Garayzabal – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2013
Morphosyntax constitutes one of the most complex areas of language. It takes into account the structure of the word and that of the sentence, and its development allows one to establish adequately agreements both within the nominal phrase and in the rest of the sentence. Morphosyntax is particularly impaired in individuals with Down syndrome. To…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Grammar, Morphology (Languages), Syntax
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Duinmeijer, Iris; de Jong, Jan; Scheper, Annette – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: While narrative tasks have proven to be valid measures for detecting language disorders, measuring communicative skills and predicting future academic performance, research into the comparability of different narrative tasks has shown that outcomes are dependent on the type of task used. Although many of the studies detecting task…
Descriptors: Children, Language Impairments, Short Term Memory, Attention
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Andreu, Llorenc; Sanz-Torrent, Monica; Legaz, Lucia Buil; MacWhinney, Brian – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: This study investigated verb argument structure effects in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Aims: A picture-naming paradigm was used to compare the response times and naming accuracy for nouns and verbs with differing argument structure between Spanish-speaking children with and without language impairment. Methods…
Descriptors: Verbs, Nouns, Naming, Children
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Riches, N. G.; Loucas, T.; Baird, G.; Charman, T.; Simonoff, E. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2010
Background: Recent studies have indicated that many children with autism spectrum disorders present with language difficulties that are similar to those of children with specific language impairments, leading some to argue for similar structural deficits in these two disorders. Aims: Repetition of sentences involving long-distance dependencies was…
Descriptors: Sentences, Repetition, Syntax, Autism
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Girbau, Dolors; Schwartz, Richard G. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2007
Background: A number of previous studies have revealed that children with Specific Language Impairment have limitations in Phonological Working Memory as revealed by a task that requires them to repeat non-words of increasing syllable length. However, most published studies have used non-words that are phonotactically English. Aims: The purpose…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Memory, Syllables, Spanish Speaking
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King, Wayne M.; Giess, Sally A.; Lombardino, Linda J. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2007
Background: The marked degree of heterogeneity in persons with developmental dyslexia has motivated the investigation of possible subtypes. Attempts have proceeded both from theoretical models of reading and the application of unsupervised learning (clustering) methods. Previous cluster analyses of data obtained from persons with reading…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Reading Difficulties, Models, Databases