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Manwaring, Stacy S.; Mead, Danielle L.; Swineford, Lauren; Thurm, Audrey – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2017
Background: Nonverbal communication abilities, including gesture use, are impaired in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, little is known about how common gestures may influence or be influenced by other areas of development. Aims: To examine the relationships between gesture, fine motor and language in young children with ASD compared with a…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Modeling (Psychology), Nonverbal Communication
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Lerna, Anna; Esposito, Dalila; Conson, Massimiliano; Massagli, Angelo – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2014
Background: The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a popular augmentative communication system frequently used with "nonverbal" children with autism. Several studies suggested that PECS could represent an effective tool for promoting improvement of several social-communicative skills. Only sparse evidence is instead…
Descriptors: Pictorial Stimuli, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Autism, Interpersonal Competence
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Martin, Gary E.; Losh, Molly; Estigarribia, Bruno; Sideris, John; Roberts, Joanne – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2013
Background: Fragile X syndrome (FXS) and Down syndrome (DS) are the two leading genetic causes of intellectual disability, and FXS is the most common known genetic condition associated with autism. Both FXS and DS are associated with significant language impairment, but little is known about expressive language across domains over time or the role…
Descriptors: Expressive Language, Vocabulary, Syntax, Pragmatics
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Lerna, Anna; Esposito, Dalila; Conson, Massimiliano; Russo, Luigi; Massagli, Angelo – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a common treatment choice for non-verbal children with autism. However, little empirical evidence is available on the usefulness of PECS in treating social-communication impairments in autism. Aims: To test the effects of PECS on social-communicative skills in children with autism,…
Descriptors: Intervention, Interpersonal Relationship, Autism, Observation
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Riches, N. G.; Loucas, T.; Baird, G.; Charman, T.; Simonoff, E. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2010
Background: Recent studies have indicated that many children with autism spectrum disorders present with language difficulties that are similar to those of children with specific language impairments, leading some to argue for similar structural deficits in these two disorders. Aims: Repetition of sentences involving long-distance dependencies was…
Descriptors: Sentences, Repetition, Syntax, Autism