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Westman, Susanne; Bergmark, Ulrika – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
This paper aimed to explore how preschool teachers' experience their strengthened teaching mission, specifically when working with scientific exploration. The study was based on the philosophy of the life-world, a branch of the phenomenological movement. Life-world philosophy focuses on the concrete reality humans inhabit and is responsive to its…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Phenomenology, Teacher Role, Self Concept
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Gustavsson, Laila; Pramling, Niklas – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
This empirical study analyses the qualitatively different ways in which teachers approach children's learning in and about nature. The empirical data consists of video observations of children and teachers communicating with one another around natural phenomena found during excursions into a forest. Variation theory is presented as a framework for…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Science Education, Natural Resources, Interpersonal Communication
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Hunter, Thelma; Walsh, Glenda – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
As more countries align their curricular frameworks with play-based and experiential pedagogies, this paper provides a critical insight into the benefits and challenges that arise in practice when a play-based approach to learning and teaching becomes a political directive in Northern Ireland primary schools. Drawing on socio-constructivist and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Play, Classroom Environment, Elementary Schools
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Wood, Elizabeth Ann – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
This article troubles the established discourse of free choice and free play in early childhood education, and develops post-structural approaches to theorising children's agency in the context of institutional and relational power structures. It is widely accepted that planning a curriculum based on children's needs, interests and patterns of…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Play, Naturalistic Observation, Qualitative Research
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Tal, Clodie – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
This study seeks to determine how and to what extent the core principles of the early childhood education programme at Levinsky College of Education in Israel were applied by a third-year student teacher in a traditional fieldwork placement. At the beginning of the school year, the student planned to engage two small groups of children in her…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Curriculum Development, Case Studies, Early Childhood Education
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Whitsel, Christopher Michael; Lapham, Kate – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
Within the development studies framework, empowerment involves increasing individual agency vis-à-vis the formal and informal opportunity structure. The Open Society Foundation's Early Childhood Programme developed the Getting Ready for School programme specifically for parents of preschool-age children to use at home in the year before school to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Parent Role, Parents
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Cohrssen, Caroline; Church, Amelia; Tayler, Collette – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
This paper describes how early childhood teachers' incorporation of pauses raises the quality of talk-in-interaction during play-based mathematics activities. Responses of both children and teachers are shown to be more contingent and expansive when conversations include protracted pauses than during interactions in which pauses are largely…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Mathematics Activities, Play, Interpersonal Communication
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Määttä, Elina; Järvelä, Sanna – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2013
Previous research indicates the importance of self-efficacy beliefs for young children's learning and achievement. However, the challenge has been to research young children's self-efficacy in authentic learning situations. Therefore, the aims of this study were to investigate young children's immediate experiences of confidence in…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Reflection, Elementary School Students, Discussion
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Dockett, Sue; Perry, Bob – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2013
This paper investigates the role of child experts (siblings and buddies) in young children's transition to school. Drawing on two recent studies, that sought the perspectives of children, educators and family members about effective supports at this time, we explore the roles of other children in the processes and practices of transition.…
Descriptors: Siblings, Peer Influence, School Readiness, Young Children
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Gilbert, Louise; Rose, Janet; Palmer, Sally; Fuller, Mary – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2013
This study focused on the learning experiences of 50 undergraduate students undertaking a residential field trip (RFT) to Sweden as part of their Early Childhood Studies degree. Three dimensions were examined: the physical and emotional value afforded to the students from the active learning context; how this was interpreted and reflected in their…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Field Trips, Preservice Teacher Education, Undergraduate Students
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Payler, Jane Katherine; Georgeson, Janet – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2013
This paper reports on case study research in the UK analysing the participation of early years staff in interprofessional practice to provide effective care and education for children, primarily those with special educational needs. Even though case study staff in different "outstanding" settings had equivalent qualifications and similar…
Descriptors: Special Needs Students, Caregiver Training, Interprofessional Relationship, Early Childhood Education
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Arnott, Lorna – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2013
This article describes the formation of children's social interactions around technologies in preschools. This paper presents evidence from a study that explores how 3- to 5-year-old children construct their social interactions through the mediation of their peers while using technological resources. Utilising a systematic and iterative data…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Technology, Peer Relationship
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Emilson, Anette; Johansson, Eva – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2013
This study sought to investigate participatory values in relation to gender, as expressed in interactions between teachers and children in circle-time situations in Swedish and Norwegian preschools. This paper reports evidence from three research questions: How is children's participation conditioned in circle-time situations? How are…
Descriptors: Females, Video Technology, Males, Femininity
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Simpson, Donald – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2013
Within developed countries child poverty is a social problem with significant negative effects. With a backdrop of austerity, the UK's first child poverty strategy was released in 2011. Pervaded by neo-liberal ideology this strategy identifies preschool services as key to remediating the negative effects of child poverty on children and families…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Developed Nations, Foreign Countries, Neoliberalism
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Jopling, Michael; Whitmarsh, Judy; Hadfield, Mark – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2013
This paper describes the findings of a qualitative evaluation of an early years' intervention, I Can's Early Talk (ET) programme. ET was designed to improve speech, language and communication outcomes for children aged 0-5 by focusing on enhancing practitioners' knowledge and skills. The research focused on children aged 3-4 years and was…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Child Care Centers, Speech
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