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Lohbeck, Annette; Grube, Dietmar; Moschner, Barbara – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2017
A great deal of research shows that the way in which children attribute causes to their successes and failures in school has implications for the development of their academic self-concept (ASC). The most common attributions are ability, effort, task difficulty, and luck. The present study asked 68 elementary school children aged seven to eight…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Self Concept, Academic Achievement, Academic Failure
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Mykkänen, Arttu; Määttä, Elina; Järvelä, Sanna – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2016
Previous research has shown that observing peers' success in learning is important for the development of children's belief in themselves as learners. However, in research, these observations are seldom made in actual classroom learning activities. This study investigated how children explain factors that lead to their peers' successes in…
Descriptors: Learning Activities, Peer Acceptance, Academic Achievement, Success
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Veraksa, Alexander N. – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2011
This article used two studies to investigate sign and symbol mediation in children aged 8-11 years. In role play, children exist at one at the same time in objective reality and their representation of reality. We cannot observe their mental representation directly, but the issue of whether signs or symbols mediate early role play is an important…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Children