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Waite, Jane Lisa; Curzon, Paul; Marsh, William; Sentance, Sue; Hadwen-Bennett, Alex – International Journal of Computer Science Education in Schools, 2018
Research indicates that understanding levels of abstraction (LOA) and being able to move between the levels is essential to programming success. For K-5 contexts LOA levels have been named: problem, design, code and running the code. In a qualitative exploratory study, five K-5 teachers were interviewed on their uses of LOA, particularly the…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Programming, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Computation
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Friebroon-Yesharim, Mor; Ben-Ari, Mordechai – International Journal of Computer Science Education in Schools, 2018
Studying computer science (CS) in elementary schools has gained become popular in recent years. However, students at such a young age encounter difficulties when first engaging with CS. Robotics has been proposed as a medium for teaching CS to young students, because it reifies concepts in a tangible object, and because of the excitement of…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Robotics, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science
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von Wangenheim, Christiane Gresse; Alves, Nathalia Cruz; Rodrigues, Pedro Eurico; Hauck, Jean Carlo – International Journal of Computer Science Education in Schools, 2017
In order to be well-educated citizens in the 21st century, children need to learn computing in school. However, implementing computing education in schools faces several practical problems, such as a lack of computing teachers and time in an already overloaded curriculum. A solution may be a multidisciplinary approach, integrating computing…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Computation, Thinking Skills, Interdisciplinary Approach
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Rich, Peter Jacob; Jones, Brian Lindley; Belikov, Olga; Yoshikawa, Emily; Perkins, McKay – International Journal of Computer Science Education in Schools, 2017
STEM, the integration of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics is increasingly being promoted in elementary education. However, elementary educators are largely untrained in the 21st century skills of computing (a subset of technology) and engineering. The purpose of this study was to better understand elementary teachers'…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Engineering Education, Elementary Education, Elementary School Teachers