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Flores, Margaret M.; Kaffar, Bradley J.; Hinton, Vanessa – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2019
Mathematics learning standards across the United States include conceptual knowledge of numbers and use of modeling and explanation within computation. The concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) sequence and the Strategic Instruction Model (SIM) have been shown to be effective in increasing students' fluency in computation, including…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Direct Instruction, Mathematics Instruction, Multiplication
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Riccomini, Paul J.; Berkeley, Sheri; Neally, Allison; Stagliano, Christina; Kurz, Leigh Ann; Brigham, Frederick – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2019
Oral reading fluency (ORF) assessments measure how quickly and accurately students read within one minute. They are widely used at the elementary level; however, due to the typical structure and class sizes in middle schools, such individualized assessments are less feasible and, therefore, less frequently used. Two exploratory studies…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Reading Tests, Middle School Students
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Graham, Lorraine – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2017
William M. Cruickshank (e.g., Cruickshank 1952, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1985) was a man of strong opinions and a prolific writer. Not only did he contribute to the very beginning of the field of learning disabilities (LD), he strongly advocated for students with LD. He firmly believed that students with learning disabilities needed very competent…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Intervention, Independent Study, Reading Difficulties
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Barth, Amy E.; Vaughn, Sharon; McCulley, Elisabeth V. – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2015
Reading comprehension is an essential academic skill (Nash & Snowling, 2006;National Reading Panel, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 2000).Yet, among students in the eighth grade, approximately 64% of all students and 91% of students with disabilities do not read at proficient levels (National Center for Education…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Reading Difficulties, Intervention, Reading Instruction
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Valasa, Lauren L.; Mason, Linda H.; Hughes, Charles – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2014
Many students with disabilities have written language production deficits. As a result, these students are failing to meet the demands of government-initiated standards, higher education, and employment. In this review, quantitative experimental intervention studies for improving persuasive, narrative, and expository compositions for adolescents,…
Descriptors: Essays, Writing Instruction, Intervention, Adolescents