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Anggoro, Florencia K.; Stein, Nancy L.; Jee, Benjamin D. – International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 2012
The present study examined the cognitive factors that influence children's physical science learning from a multimedia instruction. Using a causally coherent text and visual models, we taught 4th- and 7th-grade children about the observable and molecular properties of the three states of water. We manipulated whether the text was read by a tutor…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Cognitive Ability, Physical Sciences, Grade 4
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Bosacki, Sandra – International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 2012
Given existing gendered stereotypic assumptions regarding shyness and children's school competencies, this study explored relations among socioemotional competencies, self-perceptions, and receptive vocabulary in shy children. Ninety-one Canadian children (52 girls, 39 boys; 5-8 years) were classified as shy (n = 26) based on teachers' behavioural…
Descriptors: Shyness, Interpersonal Competence, Social Development, Emotional Development