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Si, Jihyun; Kong, Hyun-Hee; Lee, Sang-Hwa – Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning, 2019
This study aims to explore the effects of argumentation with the concept map method during medical problem-based learning (PBL) on individual clinical reasoning. Individual clinical reasoning ability was assessed through problem-solving performance and arguments that students constructed during individual clinical reasoning processes. Toulmin's…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Thinking Skills, Persuasive Discourse, Concept Mapping
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Chian, Monaliza M.; Bridges, Susan M.; Lo, Edward C. M. – Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning, 2019
Assessment validity, reliability, and constructive alignment to planned learning outcomes are less understood in the context of integrated, problem-based curricula. This conceptual paper examines a Triple Jump Assessment (TJA) employed as a formative and summative assessment system in the first year of an undergraduate dental program.…
Descriptors: Problem Based Learning, Alignment (Education), Curriculum Design, Program Evaluation
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Ju, Hyunjung; Choi, Ikseon; Rhee, Byoung Doo; Tae-Lee, Jong – Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning, 2016
How people learn is influenced by the cultural contexts in which their learning occurs. This qualitative case study explored challenges Korean medical students and tutors experienced during their PBL sessions from a cultural perspective using Hofstede's cultural dimensions. Twelve preclinical medical students and nine tutors from a large Korean…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Medical Students, Medical School Faculty, Problem Based Learning
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Sakai, Damon H; D'Eon, Marcel; Trinder, Krista; Kasuya, Richard T. – Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning, 2016
At the University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine, senior medical student volunteers are used as tutors for some problem-based learning groups in both the first and second years. Previous studies on the advantages and disadvantages of student tutors compared to faculty tutors have been equivocal. This study expected to answer the…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Tutors, Tutoring, Scores
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Lu, Jingyan; Chan, Lap Ki – Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning, 2015
This paper investigates whether paper and video triggers stimulate different social and cognitive processes during PBL. The study focused on how medical students identified and described problems, and how they built shared cognitions that lead them to diagnose and solve problems. The results showed that students who used video triggers put more…
Descriptors: Problem Based Learning, Cognitive Processes, Video Technology, Paper (Material)
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Abercrombie, Sara; Parkes, Jay; McCarty, Teresita – Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning, 2015
This study investigates the ways in which medical students' achievement goal orientations (AGO) affect their perceptions of learning and actual learning from an online problem-based learning environment, Calibrated Peer Review™. First, the tenability of a four-factor model (Elliot & McGregor, 2001) of AGO was tested with data collected from…
Descriptors: Medical Education, Problem Based Learning, Teaching Methods, Peer Evaluation
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Grosseman, Suely; Hojat, Mohammadreza; Duke, Pamela M.; Mennin, Stewart; Rosenzweig, Steven; Novack, Dennis – Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning, 2014
We administered the Jefferson Scale of Empathy and the Groningen Reflection Ability Scale to 61 of 64 entering medical students who self-selected a problem-based learning curricular track and to 163 of 198 who self-selected a lecture-based track (response rates of 95.3% and 82.3%, respectively, with no statistically significant differences in mean…
Descriptors: Student Surveys, Medical Students, Problem Based Learning, Lecture Method
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Lajoie, Susanne P.; Hmelo-Silver, Cindy; Wiseman, Jeffrey; Chan, Lap Ki; Lu, Jingyan; Khurana, Chesta; Cruz-Panesso, Ilian; Poitras, Eric; Kazemitabar, Maedeh – Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning, 2014
The goal of this study is to examine how to facilitate cross-cultural groups in problem-based learning (PBL) using online digital tools and videos. The PBL consisted of two video-based cases used to trigger student-learning issues about giving bad news to HIV-positive patients. Mixed groups of medical students from Canada and Hong Kong worked with…
Descriptors: Problem Based Learning, Teaching Methods, Video Technology, Information Technology
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Hmelo-Silver, Cindy E. – Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning, 2013
An important aspect of PBL problems is the affordances that they hold for engaging students in discussion of important content knowledge. In this paper, I argue that one can analyze a problem in terms of a deep problem space and a broader learning space to identify the conceptual ideas for potential engagement. The problem space refers to the…
Descriptors: Problem Based Learning, Problem Solving, Concept Formation, Tutorial Programs
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Singaram, Veena S.; van der Vleuten, Cees P. M; Muijtjens, Arno M. M.; Dolmans, Diana H. J. M – Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning, 2012
Little is known about the influence of language background in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorial groups on group processes and students' academic achievement. This study investigated the relationship between language background, secondary school score, tutorial group processes, and students' academic achievement in PBL. A validated tutorial…
Descriptors: Correlation, Native Language, Problem Based Learning, Academic Achievement
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Sockalingam, Nachamma; Schmidt, Henk G. – Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning, 2011
This study aimed to identify salient problem characteristics perceived by students in problem-based curricula. To this end, reflective essays from biomedical students (N = 34) on characteristics of good problems were text-analyzed. Students identified eleven characteristics, of which they found the extent to which the problem leads to desired…
Descriptors: Problem Based Learning, Student Attitudes, Essays, Biological Sciences
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Hmelo-Silver, Cindy E.; Barrows, Howard S. – Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning, 2006
This paper describes an analysis of facilitation of a student-centered problem-based learning group. The focus of this analysis was to understand the goals and strategies of an expert facilitator in support of collaborative learning. This was accomplished through interaction analysis using video data and stimulated recall to examine two PBL group…
Descriptors: Problem Based Learning, Educational Strategies, Facilitators (Individuals), Student Centered Curriculum