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Schünemann, Nina; Spörer, Nadine; Völlinger, Vanessa A.; Brunstein, Joachim C. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
The goal of this research was to highlight the role social regulatory processes play in making students' teamwork in reciprocal teaching (RT) groups (a classroom activity in which students take the teacher's role in small group reading sessions) effective. In addition to teamwork quality, we expected peer feedback to be a key factor in enhancing…
Descriptors: Teamwork, Cooperative Learning, Student Role, Peer Teaching
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Barstow, Brendan; Fazio, Lisa; Schunn, Christian; Ashley, Kevin – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Arguing for the need for a scientific research study (i.e. writing an introduction to a research paper) poses significant challenges for students. When faced with these challenges, students often generate overly safe replications (i.e. fail to find and include opposition to their hypothesis) or in contrast include no strong support for their…
Descriptors: Technical Writing, Undergraduate Students, Persuasive Discourse, Visual Aids
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Smit, Robbert; Bachmann, Patricia; Blum, Verena; Birri, Thomas; Hess, Kurt – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Rubrics are assessment tools that help students gain complex competencies. Our quasi-experimental study aimed to evaluate whether rubrics help teachers teach and assess mathematical reasoning in primary school and whether such an instrument might support student learning. In two Swiss cantons, 762 students in 44 5th- and 6th-grade primary classes…
Descriptors: Scoring Rubrics, Mathematics Tests, Mathematics Skills, Abstract Reasoning
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Lin, Yu Ying; Holmqvist, Kenneth; Miyoshi, Kiyofumi; Ashida, Hiroshi – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
The eye-tracking method was used to assess the influence of detailed, colorful illustrations on reading behaviors and learning outcomes. Based on participants' subjective ratings in a pre-study, we selected eight one-page human anatomy lessons. In the main study, participants learned these eight human anatomy lessons; four were accompanied by…
Descriptors: Illustrations, Science Education, Learning Processes, Eye Movements
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Alt, Dorit – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
The aim of this study was to assess the connection between students' perceived constructivist learning environment and their involvement in activities unrelated to class work via social media engagement (SME), while considering the moderating role of their openness to diversity and challenge (ODC) in explaining both variables. Another aim was to…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Educational Environment, Social Media, Constructivism (Learning)
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Heyd-Metzuyanim, Einat; Schwarz, Baruch B. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
We offer a new approach to emergent knowledge in processes of conceptual change in dyadic interaction by drawing on Pickering's ("The Mangle of Practice," The University of Chicago Press, London, 1995) Mangle of Practice theory, which theorizes the emergence of new scientific knowledge as occurring due to material resistance and human…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Science Process Skills, Knowledge Level, Resistance (Psychology)
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Zhang, Fuhui; Schunn, Christian D.; Baikadi, Alok – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Building upon self-regulated learning theories, we examined the nature of student writing goals and the relationship of these writing goals to revision alone and in combination with two other important sources of students' self-regulated revision--peer comments on their writing, and reflections for their own writing obtained from reviewing others'…
Descriptors: Revision (Written Composition), Writing (Composition), Student Educational Objectives, Peer Evaluation
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Psycharis, Sarantos; Kallia, Maria – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
In this paper we investigate whether computer programming has an impact on high school student's reasoning skills, problem solving and self-efficacy in Mathematics. The quasi-experimental design was adopted to implement the study. The sample of the research comprised 66 high school students separated into two groups, the experimental and the…
Descriptors: Programming, Secondary School Students, Thinking Skills, Mathematics Instruction
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Hartmeyer, Rikke; Bølling, Mads; Bentsen, Peter – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Current research points to Personal Meaning Mapping (PMM) as a method useful in investigating students' prior and current science knowledge. However, studies investigating PMM as a method for exploring specific knowledge dimensions are lacking. Ensuring that students are able to access specific knowledge dimensions is important, especially in…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Interviews, Teaching Methods, Taxonomy
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DeLiema, David – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
The ideas students have about what causes math failure are known to impact motivation. This paper throws light on how attributions of failure are negotiated during math tutoring, between 4th/5th graders and volunteer tutors, at a non-profit STEM-based after-school program. The study employs methods of interaction analysis on a small number of…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Tutoring, Academic Failure, Grade 4
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Kobayashi, Sofie; Berge, Maria; Grout, Brian W. W.; Rump, Camilla Østerberg – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
This study contributes towards a better understanding of learning dynamics in doctoral supervision by analysing how learning opportunities are created in the interaction between supervisors and PhD students, using the notion of experiencing variation as a key to learning. Empirically, we have based the study on four video-recorded sessions, with…
Descriptors: Supervision, Doctoral Programs, Video Technology, Teacher Student Relationship
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van der Meij, Jan; van Amelsvoort, Marije; Anjewierden, Anjo – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Compared to text, diagrams are superior in their ability to structure and summarize information and to show relations between concepts and ideas. Perceptual cues, like arrows, are expected to improve the retention of diagrams by guiding the learner towards important elements or showing a preferred reading sequence. In our experiment, we analyzed…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Concept Mapping, Cues, Retention (Psychology)
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Bonner, Sarah M.; Thomas, Ally S. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
We investigated the impacts of a peer-facilitated instructional intervention in mathematics on progress towards readiness for college among 10th graders who facilitated instruction for 9th graders in algebra classrooms in urban secondary schools. A goal of the intervention is to promote readiness for college by placing middle-performing students…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Benchmarking, Intervention, Mathematics Instruction
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Hunsu, Nathaniel J.; Adesope, Olusola; Van Wie, Bernard J. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Instructors often try out innovative interventions (INTRs) in their classrooms to promote student engagement and learning interest. While such efforts are commendable, thinking through how individual and environmental characteristics influence interest development in learners is crucial to meeting such teaching objectives. In this study, we…
Descriptors: Instructional Innovation, Engineering Education, Intervention, Role
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Roelle, Julian; Berthold, Kirsten – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Comparing contrasting cases is a promising means to prepare learners for future learning from related direct instruction. The most prevalent type of preparation intervention used in this "case comparison approach" is providing contrasting cases together with comparison prompts. However, if the contrasting cases are complex learners might…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Teaching Methods, Task Analysis, Prompting
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