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Tao, Dan; Zhang, Jianwei – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
This study explores the reflective processes by which a grade 5 science community co-constructed shared inquiry structures to focus and guide its inquiry about human body systems over a school year supported by a collaborative online environment. The co-constructed structures included a list of collective wondering areas as the shared focus of…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Knowledge Level, Grade 5, Content Analysis
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Fong, Cresencia; Slotta, James D. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
We report on a multi-year design study of a technology environment called Common Knowledge (CK), designed to support learning communities in K-12 classrooms. Students represent their ideas in the form of notes, add their ideas to a collective knowledge base, and use this knowledge base as a resource for their subsequent inquiries. CK supports…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Blended Learning, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Knowledge Level
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Kim, Beaumie – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
In this commentary, I consider Dewey's account on community to address the field's interest of creating and sustaining communities, using the three themes identified from the four articles of this special issue. They include: (1) expanding things in common, (2) making individual and collective work matter in private and public, and (3) renewing…
Descriptors: Communities of Practice, Cooperation, Democratic Values, Interpersonal Relationship
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Trninic, Dragan; Swanson, Hillary; Kapur, Manu – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
"Community" has become a commonplace term in the learning sciences. Alongside this popularization comes the view that communities are, in general, something to strive towards. We draw on contemporary trends to problematize this assumption and motivate a discussion for the productivity of dissent.
Descriptors: Dissent, Cooperative Learning, Community, Productivity
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Hod, Yotam; Bielaczyc, Katerine; Ben-Zvi, Dani – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Research on learning communities has been largely influenced by the sociocultural turn in educational scholarship approximately three decades ago. Here, we present a wider history of research and practice on learning communities as we revisit this highly generative and central topic in the learning sciences. Using this to frame our perspective, we…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Educational Research, Educational Innovation, Futures (of Society)
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Ma, Jasmine Y.; Hall, Rogers – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
This article reports on a learning community that requires acting together in order to perform and to learn, an organization of shared activity across people and through time that we call ensemble learning. We present a descriptive analysis of ensemble learning in a high school marching band performance season, following how "The Show"…
Descriptors: Music Activities, Musicians, High School Students, Group Activities
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Hod, Yotam; Ben-Zvi, Dani – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
This study attends the learning sciences to the work of Carl Rogers and his person-centered therapy and education. Building on claims that knowledge building communities are idea-centered, as well as recent research in this area that has looked at learning holistically, we examine the notion of a 'humanistic knowledge building community' as an…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Educational Technology, Knowledge Level, Science Education
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Hmelo-Silver, Cindy E.; Jordan, Rebecca; Eberbach, Catherine; Sinha, Suparna – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
In this paper, we share results from a classroom intervention that used a conceptual representation to support reasoning about ecosystems. Engaging students in modeling allows them to make their ideas visible while being malleable and available for discussion, which enables students to make meaning out of systems. Further, the…
Descriptors: Systems Approach, Thinking Skills, Ecology, Models
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Schenke, Katerina; Richland, Lindsey E. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Drawing comparisons between students' alternative solution strategies to a single mathematics problem is a powerful yet challenging instructional practice. We examined 80 preservice teachers' when asked to design a short lesson when given a problem and two student solutions--one correct and one incorrect. These micro-teaching events were…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Instruction, Microteaching, Comparative Analysis
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Toh, Pee Li Leslie; Kapur, Manu – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
A critical assumption made in Kapur's ("Instr Sci" 40:651-672, 2012) productive failure design is that students have the necessary prerequisite knowledge resources to generate and explore solutions to problems before learning the targeted concept. Through two quasi-experimental studies, we interrogated this assumption in the context of…
Descriptors: Prerequisites, Prior Learning, Problem Solving, Failure
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Rau, Martina A.; Aleven, Vincent; Rummel, Nikol – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Prior research shows that representational competencies that enable students to use graphical representations to reason and solve tasks is key to learning in many science, technology, engineering, and mathematics domains. We focus on two types of representational competencies: (1) "sense making" of connections by verbally explaining how…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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van den Bogaart, Antoine C. M.; Schaap, Harmen; Hummel, Hans G. K.; Kirschner, Paul A. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
This article presents the use of personal professional theories (PPTs) in Dutch higher vocational education. PPTs are internalised bodies of formal and practical knowledge and convictions that professionals use to direct their behaviour. With the aid of high-quality representations of students' PPTs teachers can access, monitor, and support the…
Descriptors: Concept Mapping, Interviews, Schemata (Cognition), Higher Education
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Kwon, Kyungbin; Park, Su Jin – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
An online discussion facilitates students' higher order thinking in online classes, especially when adopted with the instructor's guidance. The current experimental study examined the effects of two different discussion representation tools (social and cognitive diagrams) on students' discussion behaviors. The social diagram emphasized…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Thinking Skills, Group Discussion, Online Courses
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Yoon, Susan A.; Anderson, Emma; Koehler-Yom, Jessica; Evans, Chad; Park, Miyoung; Sheldon, Josh; Schoenfeld, Ilana; Wendel, Daniel; Scheintaub, Hal; Klopfer, Eric – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
The recent next generation science standards in the United States have emphasized learning about complex systems as a core feature of science learning. Over the past 15 years, a number of educational tools and theories have been investigated to help students learn about complex systems; but surprisingly, little research has been devoted to…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Teacher Attitudes, Educational Technology, Computer Assisted Instruction
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Grotzer, Tina A.; Solis, S. Lynneth; Tutwiler, M. Shane; Cuzzolino, Megan Powell – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Understanding complex systems requires reasoning about causal relationships that behave or appear to behave probabilistically. Features such as distributed agency, large spatial scales, and time delays obscure co-variation relationships and complex interactions can result in non-deterministic relationships between causes and effects that are best…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Kindergarten, Grade 2
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