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Bernhard, Jonte – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
According to variation theory, it is essential to enable students to focus on the object of learning and discern its critical features, but the features that "it is possible" to discern often depend on the equipment used. Thus, in labs, the experimental technologies used may shape students' experience of focal phenomena, in a…
Descriptors: Science Education, Science Laboratories, Laboratory Equipment, Laboratory Training
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Wen, Cai-Ting; Chang, Chia-Jung; Chang, Ming-Hua; Fan Chiang, Shih-Hsun; Liu, Chen-Chung; Hwang, Fu-Kwun; Tsai, Chin-Chung – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
This study investigated students' modeling progress and strategies in a problem-solving simulation game through content analysis, and through supervised and unsupervised lag sequential analysis (LSA). Multiple data sources, including self-report models and activity logs, were collected from 25 senior high school students. The results of the…
Descriptors: Educational Games, Simulation, Problem Solving, Models
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Cebrián-Robles, Daniel; Franco-Mariscal, Antonio-Joaquín; Blanco-López, Ángel – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
The recent literature has shown the importance of preservice elementary science teachers (PESTs) having a deep understanding of argumentation, as this factor may affect the nature of the class activities that are taught and what students learn. A lack of understanding of this factor may represent an obstacle in the development of science education…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Persuasive Discourse, Training
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Tripto, Jaklin; Assaraf, Orit Ben Zvi; Amit, Miriam – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
The goal of this study was to identify and understand the mental models developed by 67 high school biology students as they learn about the human body as a complex system. Using concept maps, it sought to find an external way of representing how students organize their ideas about the human body system in their minds. We conducted a qualitative…
Descriptors: High School Students, Biology, Human Body, Cognitive Structures
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Margulieux, Lauren E.; Catrambone, Richard; Schaeffer, Laura M. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Originally intended as a replication study, this study discusses differences in problem solving performance among different domains caused by the same instructional intervention. The learning sciences acknowledges similarities in the learners' cognitive architecture that allow interventions to apply across domains, but it also argues that each…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Intervention, Instructional Design, Programming
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Prinz, Anja; Golke, Stefanie; Wittwer, Jörg – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Research shows that misconceptions are usually detrimental to text comprehension. However, whether misconceptions also impair metacomprehension accuracy, that is, the accuracy with which one self-assesses one's text comprehension, has received far less attention. We conducted a study in which we examined students' (N = 47) comprehension and…
Descriptors: Misconceptions, Metacognition, Accuracy, Statistics
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Kim, ChanMin; Yuan, Jiangmei; Vasconcelos, Lucas; Shin, Minyoung; Hill, Roger B. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
In this study, we investigated the debugging process that early childhood preservice teachers used during block-based programing. Its purpose was to provide insights into how to prepare early childhood teachers to integrate computer science into instruction. This study reports the types of errors that early childhood preservice teachers commonly…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Early Childhood Education, Computer Science Education, Programming
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Barth-Cohen, Lauren – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
One line of research on student understanding of complex systems has tended to emphasize discontinuities between common misconceptions and relatively more sophisticated understandings. Other work has focused on instruction while acknowledging the existence of other ways of understanding complex systems, but less emphasis has been on examining the…
Descriptors: Systems Approach, Misconceptions, Cognitive Structures, Logical Thinking
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Raaijmakers, Steven F.; Baars, Martine; Schaap, Lydia; Paas, Fred; van Merriënboer, Jeroen; van Gog, Tamara – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Self-assessment and task-selection skills are crucial in self-regulated learning situations in which students can choose their own tasks. Prior research suggested that training with video modeling examples, in which another person (the model) demonstrates and explains the cyclical process of problem-solving task performance, self-assessment, and…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Modeling (Psychology), Video Technology, Transfer of Training
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Blau, Ina; Shamir-Inbal, Tamar – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
"Student voice" (SV) refers to listening to and valuing students' views regarding their learning experiences, as well as treating them as equal partners in the evaluation process. This is expected, in turn, to empower students to take a more active role in shaping their learning. This study explores the role played by digital…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Student Attitudes, Masters Programs, Educational Attitudes
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Heitzmann, Nicole; Fischer, Frank; Fischer, Martin R. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
To diagnose classroom situations is crucial for teachers' everyday practice. The approach of worked examples with errors seems promising to support the diagnosis of classroom situations in student teachers (Stark et al. in "Learn Instr" 21(1):22-33, 2011). To enhance that approach, error-explanation prompts and an adaptable feedback…
Descriptors: Error Patterns, Error Correction, Prompting, Diagnostic Teaching
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Silseth, Kenneth – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
In this article, I analyze teachers' use of students' everyday knowledge and experiences as resources for learning in educational dialogues. By analyzing video data of teachers' attempts to contextualize instruction in naturalistic settings in a lower secondary school, I examine how teachers use such resources to support and guide student…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Prior Learning, Learning Processes, Concept Formation
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Rau, Martina A. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
To learn content knowledge in science, technology, engineering, and math domains, students need to make connections among visual representations. This article considers two kinds of connection-making skills: (1) "sense-making skills" that allow students to verbally explain mappings among representations and (2) "perceptual…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Learning Processes, Chemistry, Visual Aids
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Jaakkola, Tomi; Veermans, Koen – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
The present study investigates the effects that concreteness fading has on learning and transfer across three grade levels (4-6) in elementary school science education in comparison to learning with constantly concrete representations. 127 9- to 12-years-old elementary school students studied electric circuits in a computer-based simulation…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Science Education, Learning Processes
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Fischer, Frank – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Research on learning communities has developed as a perspective radically different from teacher-led instruction. This might be a main reason for why scaffolding is rarely foregrounded in work on learning communities. This contribution analyzes how four recent approaches to learning communities address scaffolding and identifies three different…
Descriptors: Communities of Practice, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Correlation, Cooperative Learning
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