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Liu, Allison S.; Kallai, Arava Y.; Schunn, Christian D.; Fiez, Julie A. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Mathematical fluency is important for academic and mathematical success. Fluency training programs have typically focused on fostering retrieval, which leads to math performance that does not reliably transfer to non-trained problems. More recent studies have focused on training number understanding and representational precision, but few have…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Instruction, Transfer of Training
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Ihme, Natalie; Wittwer, Jörg – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Research shows that when evaluating competing explanations people usually discount an explanation in favor of an alternative explanation and, at the same time, prefer the explanation that is provided before an alternative explanation. In this article, we examine how inconsistencies in one but not the other explanation influence the evaluation and…
Descriptors: College Students, Reliability, Comprehension, Competition
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Heijltjes, Anita; van Gog, Tamara; Leppink, Jimmie; Paas, Fred – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Acquisition of critical thinking skills is considered an important goal in higher education, but it is still unclear which specific instructional techniques are effective for fostering it. The main aim of this study was to unravel the impact of critical thinking instructions, practice, and self-explanation prompts during practice, on students'…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Critical Thinking, Teaching Methods, Prompting
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Gartmeier, Martin; Bauer, Johannes; Fischer, Martin R.; Hoppe-Seyler, Tobias; Karsten, Gudrun; Kiessling, Claudia; Möller, Grit E.; Wiesbeck, Anne; Prenzel, Manfred – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
This study investigated the effectiveness of three different versions of a training programme on physician-patient and teacher-parent conversations for medical students and student teachers. The research questions concerned the differential effects of e-learning featuring contrastive video cases, role-play including video feedback and their…
Descriptors: Physician Patient Relationship, Parent Teacher Cooperation, Medical Students, Student Teachers
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McKenney, Susan; Kali, Yael; Markauskaite, Lina; Voogt, Joke – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Despite the fact that teaching is increasingly referred to as a design science, teacher education programs devote relatively little time to developing expertise in the design of instruction, beyond lesson planning. Yet today's teachers not only plan lessons that incorporate existing classroom activities and instructional resources, they also…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teacher Role, Instructional Design, Science Teachers
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Matuk, Camillia F.; Linn, Marcia C.; Eylon, Bat-Sheva – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Teachers' involvement in curriculum design is essential for sustaining the relevance of technology-enhanced learning materials. Customizing--making small adjustments to tailor given materials to particular situations and settings--is one design activity in which busy teachers can feasibly engage. Research indicates that customizations based…
Descriptors: Curriculum Design, Teacher Role, Technology Uses in Education, Educational Technology
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Svihla, Vanessa; Reeve, Richard; Sagy, Ornit; Kali, Yael – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Teachers often find themselves in a position in which they need to adapt technology-enhanced materials to meet the needs of their students. As new technologies--especially those not specifically designed for learning--find their way into schools, teachers need to be able to design learning experiences that use these new technologies in their local…
Descriptors: Technology Uses in Education, Educational Technology, Technology Integration, Instructional Design
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Kali, Yael; McKenney, Susan; Sagy, Ornit – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
While the benefits of teacher involvement in designing technology enhanced learning are acknowledged in the literature, far less is known about shaping that involvement to yield those benefits. Research is needed to understand how teachers learn through design; how teacher design activities may be supported; and how teacher involvement in design…
Descriptors: Teacher Role, Technology Uses in Education, Educational Technology, Instructional Design
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Duffy, Melissa C.; Azevedo, Roger; Sun, Ning-Zi; Griscom, Sophia E.; Stead, Victoria; Crelinsten, Linda; Wiseman, Jeffrey; Maniatis, Thomas; Lachapelle, Kevin – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
This study examined the nature of cognitive, metacognitive, and affective processes among a medical team experiencing difficulty managing a challenging simulated medical emergency case by conducting in-depth analysis of process data. Medical residents participated in a simulation exercise designed to help trainees to develop medical expertise,…
Descriptors: Health Personnel, Metacognition, Team Training, Trainees
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Wagensveld, Barbara; Segers, Eliane; Kleemans, Tijs; Verhoeven, Ludo – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
We examined the role child factors on the acquisition and transfer of learning the control of variables strategy (CVS) via instruction or self-discovery. Seventy-six fourth graders and 43 sixth graders were randomly assigned to a group receiving direct CVS instruction or a discovery learning group. Prior to the intervention, cognitive, scientific,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Grade 6, Transfer of Training
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De Backer, Liesje; Van Keer, Hilde; Valcke, Martin – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Although successful collaborative learning requires socially shared metacognitive regulation (SSMR) of the learning process among multiple students, empirical research on SSMR is limited. The present study contributes to the emerging research on SSMR by examining its correlation with both collaborative learners' content processing strategies and…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Tutoring, Metacognition, Cooperative Learning
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Leopold, Claudia; Doerner, Marcel; Leutner, Detlev; Dutke, Stephan – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
In two experiments, we compared effects of instructions that encourage learners to create referential connections between words and pictures with instructions that distract learners from creating referential connections. In Experiment 1, students read a scientific text under four conditions. In the text-picture condition, students read the…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Learning Processes, Learning Strategies, Educational Experiments
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van der Graaf, Joep; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
A dynamic assessment tool was developed and validated using Mokken scale analysis to assess the extent to which kindergartners are able to construct unconfounded experiments, an essential part of scientific reasoning. Scientific reasoning is one of the learning processes happening within science education. A commonly used, hands-on,…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Science Process Skills, Abstract Reasoning, Thinking Skills
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Blanch, Angel – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
The fluid and crystallized ("Gf-Gc") intelligence theory has been used extensively to evaluate the influence of cognitive abilities on educational outcomes within cross-sectional and longitudinal research designs. This study evaluated the contribution of fluid and crystallized abilities in the performance of a 1-week instructional…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Intelligence, Learning Processes, Models
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Fyfe, Emily R.; DeCaro, Marci S.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Feedback is generally considered a beneficial learning tool, and providing feedback is a recommended instructional practice. However, there are a variety of feedback types with little guidance on how to choose the most effective one. We examined individual differences in working memory capacity as a potential moderator of feedback type. Second-…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Feedback (Response), Grade 2, Grade 3
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