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Levy, Sharona T.; Peleg, Ran; Ofeck, Eyal; Tabor, Naamit; Dubovi, Ilana; Bluestein, Shiri; Ben-Zur, Hadar – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
We propose and evaluate a framework supporting collaborative discovery learning of complex systems. The framework blends five design principles: (1) individual action: amidst (2) social interactions; challenged with (3) multiple tasks; set in (4) a constrained interactive learning environment that draws attention to (5) highlighted target…
Descriptors: Traffic Safety, Discovery Learning, Simulation, Simulated Environment
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Asterhan, Christa S. C.; Dotan, Aviv – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
In the present study, we examined the effects of feedback that corrects and contrasts a student's own erroneous solutions with the canonical, correct one (CEC&C feedback) on learning in a conceptual change task. Sixty undergraduate students received expository instruction about natural selection, which presented the canonical, scientifically…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Science Instruction, Undergraduate Students, Teaching Methods
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Tripto, Jaklin; Assaraf, Orit Ben Zvi; Amit, Miriam – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
The goal of this study was to identify and understand the mental models developed by 67 high school biology students as they learn about the human body as a complex system. Using concept maps, it sought to find an external way of representing how students organize their ideas about the human body system in their minds. We conducted a qualitative…
Descriptors: High School Students, Biology, Human Body, Cognitive Structures
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Margulieux, Lauren E.; Catrambone, Richard; Schaeffer, Laura M. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Originally intended as a replication study, this study discusses differences in problem solving performance among different domains caused by the same instructional intervention. The learning sciences acknowledges similarities in the learners' cognitive architecture that allow interventions to apply across domains, but it also argues that each…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Intervention, Instructional Design, Programming
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Tao, Dan; Zhang, Jianwei – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
This study explores the reflective processes by which a grade 5 science community co-constructed shared inquiry structures to focus and guide its inquiry about human body systems over a school year supported by a collaborative online environment. The co-constructed structures included a list of collective wondering areas as the shared focus of…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Knowledge Level, Grade 5, Content Analysis
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Fong, Cresencia; Slotta, James D. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
We report on a multi-year design study of a technology environment called Common Knowledge (CK), designed to support learning communities in K-12 classrooms. Students represent their ideas in the form of notes, add their ideas to a collective knowledge base, and use this knowledge base as a resource for their subsequent inquiries. CK supports…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Blended Learning, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Knowledge Level
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Danish, Joshua; Saleh, Asmalina; Andrade, Alejandro; Bryan, Branden – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Our paper builds on the construct of the zone of proximal development (ZPD) (Vygotsky in Mind in society: the development of higher psychological processes, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1978) to analyze the relationship between students' answers and the help they receive as they construct them. We report on a secondary analysis of…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Ability, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Cognitive Development
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Sunny, Cijy Elizabeth; Taasoobshirazi, Gita; Clark, Lauren; Marchand, Gwen – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Stereotype threat theory (STT) offers one explanation for achievement differences in math and science for both women and minority students. Specifically, STT posits that the perceived risk of confirming a negative stereotype about an individual's identity group acts as a psychological burden that negatively impacts performance. This study examined…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Chemistry, Stereotypes, Test Anxiety
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Gillies, Robyn M.; Baffour, Bernard – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
The study sought to determine the effects of teacher-introduced multimodal representations and discourse on students' task engagement and scientific language during cooperative, inquiry-based science. The study involved eight Year 6 teachers in two conditions (four very effective teachers and four effective teachers) who taught two units of…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Cooperative Learning, Inquiry, Science Instruction
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Bonner, Sarah M.; Somers, Jennifer A.; Rivera, Gwendelyn J.; Keiler, Leslie S. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
We investigated perceptions about learning strategy use and instructional roles among a sample of high needs adolescents (n = 230) who acted as near-peer instructional facilitators. The sample was drawn from science and mathematics classes in nonselective public secondary schools in New York City. Students participated in an inschool intervention…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Attitude Measures, Adolescents, Peer Teaching
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Hartmeyer, Rikke; Bølling, Mads; Bentsen, Peter – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Current research points to Personal Meaning Mapping (PMM) as a method useful in investigating students' prior and current science knowledge. However, studies investigating PMM as a method for exploring specific knowledge dimensions are lacking. Ensuring that students are able to access specific knowledge dimensions is important, especially in…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Interviews, Teaching Methods, Taxonomy
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Hunsu, Nathaniel J.; Adesope, Olusola; Van Wie, Bernard J. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Instructors often try out innovative interventions (INTRs) in their classrooms to promote student engagement and learning interest. While such efforts are commendable, thinking through how individual and environmental characteristics influence interest development in learners is crucial to meeting such teaching objectives. In this study, we…
Descriptors: Instructional Innovation, Engineering Education, Intervention, Role
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Roelle, Julian; Berthold, Kirsten – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Comparing contrasting cases is a promising means to prepare learners for future learning from related direct instruction. The most prevalent type of preparation intervention used in this "case comparison approach" is providing contrasting cases together with comparison prompts. However, if the contrasting cases are complex learners might…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Teaching Methods, Task Analysis, Prompting
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Taasoobshirazi, Gita; Heddy, Benjamin; Bailey, MarLynn; Farley, John – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
The present study used the Cognitive Reconstruction of Knowledge Model (CRKM) model of conceptual change as a framework for developing and testing how key cognitive, motivational, and emotional variables are linked to conceptual change in physics. This study extends an earlier study developed by Taasoobshirazi and Sinatra ("J Res Sci…
Descriptors: Models, Change, Physics, Scientific Concepts
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Chin, Doris B.; Chi, Min; Schwartz, Daniel L. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
A common approach for introducing students to a new science concept is to present them with multiple cases of the phenomenon and ask them to explore. The expectation is that students will naturally take advantage of the multiple cases to support their learning and seek an underlying principle for the phenomenon. However, the success of such tasks…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Active Learning, Comparative Analysis
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