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Gidalevich, Stella; Kramarski, Bracha – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Research has indicated that students can be taught self-regulated learning (SRL) in scaffolding programs focusing on a fixed continuous practice (e.g., metacognitive question prompts). However, the fading role of scaffolding to prepare autonomous learning is often an overlooked component. A unique approach for fading is suggested that offers a…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique)
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Wischgoll, Anke; Pauli, Christine; Reusser, Kurt – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
An individual's learning is determined by cognition, motivation, and social context. Taking these aspects into account, we assessed scaffolding in tutoring situations via contingency to determine how successful and unsuccessful teacher-student interactions are shaped. We aimed to find out how the problem-solving process in successful tutoring…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Tutoring, Teacher Student Relationship, Problem Solving
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Colliot, Tiphaine; Jamet, Éric – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
We compared performances on a learning task in which students (N = 81) viewed a pedagogical multimedia document without (control group) or with a readymade graphic organizer (readymade group) with performances on an active learning task where students self-generated a graphic organizer either totally (total self-generated group) or partially…
Descriptors: Active Learning, Instructional Materials, Multimedia Materials, Cognitive Processes
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Zhang, Heyi; Whitebread, David – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
This study examined whether kindergarten children's psychological needs satisfaction would mediate the relationships between parental scaffolding and children's use of self-regulated learning (SRL) strategic behaviours. One hundred and thirty Chinese kindergarten children and their parents participated in the study. Parental scaffolding and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Psychological Needs, Problem Solving, Self Determination
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Bakker, Arthur – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Discovery learning continues to be a topic of heated debate. It has been called a zombie, and this special issue raises the question whether it may be a phoenix arising from the ashes to which the topic was burnt. However, in this commentary I propose it is more like an elephant--a huge topic approached by many people who address different…
Descriptors: Discovery Learning, Direct Instruction, Educational Theories, Discovery Processes
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Kershaw, Trina C.; Lippman, Jordan P.; Fugate, Jennifer M. B. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Scientific knowledge, including the critical evaluation and comprehension of empirical articles, is a key skill valued by most undergraduate institutions for students within the sciences. Students often find it difficult to not only summarize empirical journal articles, but moreover to successfully grasp the quality and rigor of investigation…
Descriptors: Pretests Posttests, Undergraduate Students, Educational Research, Journal Articles
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Fischer, Frank – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Research on learning communities has developed as a perspective radically different from teacher-led instruction. This might be a main reason for why scaffolding is rarely foregrounded in work on learning communities. This contribution analyzes how four recent approaches to learning communities address scaffolding and identifies three different…
Descriptors: Communities of Practice, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Correlation, Cooperative Learning
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Fong, Cresencia; Slotta, James D. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
We report on a multi-year design study of a technology environment called Common Knowledge (CK), designed to support learning communities in K-12 classrooms. Students represent their ideas in the form of notes, add their ideas to a collective knowledge base, and use this knowledge base as a resource for their subsequent inquiries. CK supports…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Blended Learning, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Knowledge Level
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Grotzer, Tina A.; Solis, S. Lynneth; Tutwiler, M. Shane; Cuzzolino, Megan Powell – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Understanding complex systems requires reasoning about causal relationships that behave or appear to behave probabilistically. Features such as distributed agency, large spatial scales, and time delays obscure co-variation relationships and complex interactions can result in non-deterministic relationships between causes and effects that are best…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Kindergarten, Grade 2
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Danish, Joshua; Saleh, Asmalina; Andrade, Alejandro; Bryan, Branden – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Our paper builds on the construct of the zone of proximal development (ZPD) (Vygotsky in Mind in society: the development of higher psychological processes, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1978) to analyze the relationship between students' answers and the help they receive as they construct them. We report on a secondary analysis of…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Ability, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Cognitive Development
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Likourezos, Vicki; Kalyuga, Slava – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
According to cognitive load theory, using worked examples is an effective and efficient instructional strategy for initial cognitive skill acquisition for novice learners, as it reduces cognitive load and frees up cognitive resources to build task competence. Contrary to this, productive failure (as well as invention learning, desirable…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Difficulty Level, Cognitive Processes, Direct Instruction
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Gillies, Robyn M.; Baffour, Bernard – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
The study sought to determine the effects of teacher-introduced multimodal representations and discourse on students' task engagement and scientific language during cooperative, inquiry-based science. The study involved eight Year 6 teachers in two conditions (four very effective teachers and four effective teachers) who taught two units of…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Cooperative Learning, Inquiry, Science Instruction
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Lachner, Andreas; Nückles, Matthias – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
In two studies, we investigated the impact of instructors' different knowledge bases on the quality of their instructional explanations. In Study 1, we asked 20 mathematics teachers (with high pedagogical content knowledge, but lower content knowledge) and 15 mathematicians (with lower pedagogical content knowledge, but high content knowledge) to…
Descriptors: Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Predictor Variables, Educational Quality, Instructional Effectiveness
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Herppich, Stephanie; Wittwer, Jörg; Nückles, Matthias; Renkl, Alexander – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
The extent to which tutors are interactive and engage in dialogue with a student tends to depend on their pedagogical expertise. Normally, tutors with pedagogical expertise are more interactive than tutors without pedagogical expertise. This finding, however, has largely been obtained when examining tutoring in procedural domains such as…
Descriptors: Interaction, Teacher Student Relationship, Expertise, Teacher Competencies
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Kim, So Mi; Hannafin, Michael J. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
This study examined how differing instructional scaffolding influenced the actual use of evaluation skills to improve argumentation quality during college science inquiry. Source representation scaffolds supported multi-faceted reflection of complex source properties while managing cognitive load. Students were given an online annotation tool…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Evaluation Methods, Persuasive Discourse, College Science
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