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Eriksson, Kimmo; Helenius, Ola; Ryve, Andreas – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Can instructional quality be measured using TIMSS items on how often certain instructional practices are used in the mathematics classroom? We focused on three instructional practices that have been the topics of longstanding debates in the educational literature: memorizing formulas, listening to the teacher, and relating mathematics to daily…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Mathematics Achievement, Foreign Countries
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Lippmann, Marie; Schwartz, Neil H.; Jacobson, Neil G.; Narciss, Susanne – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Two experiments investigated the extent to which the concreteness of titles affects metacognitive text expectations, study motivation, and comprehension test performance. Sixty-three American and 61 German students were presented with three titles (either concrete or abstract), based upon which the students estimated their expected…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Learning Motivation, Reading Comprehension, Foreign Countries
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Zhang, Heyi; Whitebread, David – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
This study examined whether kindergarten children's psychological needs satisfaction would mediate the relationships between parental scaffolding and children's use of self-regulated learning (SRL) strategic behaviours. One hundred and thirty Chinese kindergarten children and their parents participated in the study. Parental scaffolding and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Psychological Needs, Problem Solving, Self Determination
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Nugteren, Michelle L.; Jarodzka, Halszka; Kester, Liesbeth; Van Merriënboer, Jeroen J. G. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Self-assessment and task selection are important self-regulated learning skills for secondary school students. More specifically, selecting new tasks based on self-assessments is very important for them, because teachers are not always present or able to select tasks for them individually. However, little is known about the processes underlying…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Models, Self Management
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McIntyre, Nora A.; Foulsham, Tom – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Humans are born to learn by understanding where adults look. This is likely to extend into the classroom, making teacher gaze an important topic for study. Expert teacher gaze has mainly been investigated in the laboratory, and has focused mostly on one cognitive process: teacher attentional (i.e., information-seeking) gaze. No known research has…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Cultural Differences, Cross Cultural Studies, Teacher Behavior
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Cebrián-Robles, Daniel; Franco-Mariscal, Antonio-Joaquín; Blanco-López, Ángel – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
The recent literature has shown the importance of preservice elementary science teachers (PESTs) having a deep understanding of argumentation, as this factor may affect the nature of the class activities that are taught and what students learn. A lack of understanding of this factor may represent an obstacle in the development of science education…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Persuasive Discourse, Training
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van den Bogaart, Antoine C. M.; Schaap, Harmen; Hummel, Hans G. K.; Kirschner, Paul A. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
This article presents the use of personal professional theories (PPTs) in Dutch higher vocational education. PPTs are internalised bodies of formal and practical knowledge and convictions that professionals use to direct their behaviour. With the aid of high-quality representations of students' PPTs teachers can access, monitor, and support the…
Descriptors: Concept Mapping, Interviews, Schemata (Cognition), Higher Education
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Ögren, Magnus; Nyström, Marcus; Jarodzka, Halszka – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Textbooks in applied mathematics often use graphs to explain the meaning of formulae, even though their benefit is still not fully explored. To test processes underlying this assumed multimedia effect we collected performance scores, eye movements, and think-aloud protocols from students solving problems in vector calculus with and without graphs.…
Descriptors: Calculus, Graphs, Problem Solving, Attention
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Cremers, Petra H. M.; Wals, Arjen E. J.; Wesselink, Renate; Mulder, Martin – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Educational design research yields design knowledge, often in the form of design principles or guidelines that provide the rationale or "know-why" for the design of educational interventions. As such, design principles can be utilized by designers in contexts other than the research context in which they were generated. Although research…
Descriptors: Blended Learning, Instructional Design, Intervention, Teamwork
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Smit, Robbert; Bachmann, Patricia; Blum, Verena; Birri, Thomas; Hess, Kurt – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Rubrics are assessment tools that help students gain complex competencies. Our quasi-experimental study aimed to evaluate whether rubrics help teachers teach and assess mathematical reasoning in primary school and whether such an instrument might support student learning. In two Swiss cantons, 762 students in 44 5th- and 6th-grade primary classes…
Descriptors: Scoring Rubrics, Mathematics Tests, Mathematics Skills, Abstract Reasoning
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van der Meij, Jan; van Amelsvoort, Marije; Anjewierden, Anjo – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Compared to text, diagrams are superior in their ability to structure and summarize information and to show relations between concepts and ideas. Perceptual cues, like arrows, are expected to improve the retention of diagrams by guiding the learner towards important elements or showing a preferred reading sequence. In our experiment, we analyzed…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Concept Mapping, Cues, Retention (Psychology)
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Wolff, Charlotte E.; Jarodzka, Halszka; van den Bogert, Niek; Boshuizen, Henny P. A. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Visual expertise has been explored in numerous professions, but research on teachers' vision remains limited. Teachers' visual expertise is an important professional skill, particularly the ability to simultaneously perceive and interpret classroom situations for effective classroom management. This skill is complex and relies on an awareness of…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Eye Movements, Expertise, Protocol Analysis
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van de Kamp, Marie-Thérèse; Admiraal, Wilfried; Rijlaarsdam, Gert – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Visual arts education focuses on creating original visual art products. A means to improve originality is enhancement of divergent thinking, indicated by fluency, flexibility and originality of ideas. In regular arts lessons, divergent thinking is mostly promoted through brainstorming. In a previous study, we found positive effects of an explicit…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Creative Activities, Creative Thinking, Intervention
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Mok, Wilson Shun; Chan, Winnie Wai – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Testing has been found to facilitate students' long-term retention of information. However, the learning performance of highly test-anxious students can be impaired by tests. Thus, these students may learn ineffectively in a testing context. By contrast, summary writing may not trigger test anxiety and is therefore another learning strategy to…
Descriptors: Test Anxiety, Early Adolescents, Anxiety, Likert Scales
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van der Meij, Hans; van der Meij, Jan – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
This study investigates the design and effectiveness of a video tutorial for software training. In accordance with demonstration-based training, the tutorial consisted of a series of task demonstrations, with instructional features added to enhance learning. An experiment is reported in which a demonstration-only control condition was compared…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Computer Software, Training, Demonstrations (Educational)
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