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Kobayashi, Keiichi – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
This study investigated students' spontaneous use of source information for the resolution of conflicts between texts. One-hundred fifty-four undergraduate students read two conflicting explanations concerning the relationship between blood type and personality under two conditions: either one explanation with a higher credibility source and…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Conflict, Credibility, Science Instruction
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McDermott, Mark A.; Hand, Brian – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
This study investigated the impact on chemistry learning of the degree to which students embedded or integrated multiple modes of representation in end of unit writing-to-learn activities. A multi-case study approach utilizing quasi-experimental methodology involving intact high school chemistry classes taught by two different teachers was…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Class Activities, Learning Activities, Science Instruction
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Wilson, Travis; Perry, Michelle; Anderson, Carolyn J.; Grosshandler, Dean – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
This study examined the verbal prompts a tutor used to promote reflection and young students' responses to these prompts. Seven children (ages 8-12) participated in 260 min of one-on-one tutoring to learn scientific concepts related to gear movement; the tutor spontaneously provided these students with 763 prompts for reflection. Prompts reliably…
Descriptors: Investigations, Discourse Analysis, Scientific Concepts, Tutors
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Walker, Rebecca; Spronken-Smith, Rachel; Bond, Carol; McDonald, Fiona; Reynolds, John; McMartin, Anna – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
This study aimed to use a learning inventory (the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students, ASSIST) to measure the impact of a curriculum change on students' approaches to learning in two large courses in a health sciences first year programme. The two new Human Body Systems (HUBS) courses were designed to encourage students to take a…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Student Attitudes, Program Effectiveness, Human Body
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Winberg, T. Mikael; Hedman, Leif – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
Attitudes toward learning (ATL) have been shown to influence students' learning outcomes. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the ways in which the interaction between ATL, the learning situation, and the level of students' prior knowledge influence affective reactions and conceptual change. In this study, a simulation of acid-base…
Descriptors: Pretests Posttests, Student Attitudes, Prior Learning, Computer Simulation