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Jaakkola, Tomi1
Veermans, Koen1
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Jaakkola, Tomi; Veermans, Koen – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
The present study investigates the effects that concreteness fading has on learning and transfer across three grade levels (4-6) in elementary school science education in comparison to learning with constantly concrete representations. 127 9- to 12-years-old elementary school students studied electric circuits in a computer-based simulation…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Science Education, Learning Processes