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van de Kamp, Marie-Thérèse; Admiraal, Wilfried; Rijlaarsdam, Gert – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Visual arts education focuses on creating original visual art products. A means to improve originality is enhancement of divergent thinking, indicated by fluency, flexibility and originality of ideas. In regular arts lessons, divergent thinking is mostly promoted through brainstorming. In a previous study, we found positive effects of an explicit…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Creative Activities, Creative Thinking, Intervention
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Heijltjes, Anita; van Gog, Tamara; Leppink, Jimmie; Paas, Fred – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Acquisition of critical thinking skills is considered an important goal in higher education, but it is still unclear which specific instructional techniques are effective for fostering it. The main aim of this study was to unravel the impact of critical thinking instructions, practice, and self-explanation prompts during practice, on students'…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Critical Thinking, Teaching Methods, Prompting
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Hefter, Markus H.; Berthold, Kirsten; Renkl, Alexander; Riess, Werner; Schmid, Sebastian; Fries, Stefan – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
Argumentation skills play a crucial role in science education and in preparing school students to act as informed citizens. While processing conflicting scientific positions regarding topics such as sustainable development in the domain of ecology, argumentation skills such as evaluating arguments or supporting theories with evidence are…
Descriptors: Science Education, Persuasive Discourse, Training, Intervention
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Chabani, Ellahe; Hommel, Bernhard – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
Recent decades have witnessed a growing interest in intervention-based assessment to promote and enhance children's learning. In this study, we explored the potential effect of an experimental visual-spatial intervention procedure and possible training benefits of two prompting modalities: one group received training with verbal and visual…
Descriptors: Prompting, Visual Aids, Verbal Communication, Skill Development
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Nuckles, Matthias; Hubner, Sandra; Dumer, Sandra; Renkl, Alexander – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
This article presents two longitudinal studies that investigated expertise reversal effects in journal writing. In Experiment 1, students wrote regular journal entries over a whole term. The experimental group received a combination of cognitive and metacognitive prompts. The control group received no prompts. In the first half of the term, the…
Descriptors: Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Journal Writing, Metacognition
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Sarfo, Frederick Kwaku; Elen, Jan – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
This study aimed at experimentally investigating the moderating role of instructional conceptions on the effectiveness of powerful learning environments (PLE) designed in line with the four-component instructional design model (4C/ID-model). The study also investigated the influence of learning in a 4C/ID PLE on students' instructional…
Descriptors: Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Quasiexperimental Design, Instructional Design