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Asterhan, Christa S. C.; Dotan, Aviv – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
In the present study, we examined the effects of feedback that corrects and contrasts a student's own erroneous solutions with the canonical, correct one (CEC&C feedback) on learning in a conceptual change task. Sixty undergraduate students received expository instruction about natural selection, which presented the canonical, scientifically…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Science Instruction, Undergraduate Students, Teaching Methods
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Kim, So Mi; Hannafin, Michael J. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
This study examined how differing instructional scaffolding influenced the actual use of evaluation skills to improve argumentation quality during college science inquiry. Source representation scaffolds supported multi-faceted reflection of complex source properties while managing cognitive load. Students were given an online annotation tool…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Evaluation Methods, Persuasive Discourse, College Science
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Heijltjes, Anita; van Gog, Tamara; Leppink, Jimmie; Paas, Fred – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Acquisition of critical thinking skills is considered an important goal in higher education, but it is still unclear which specific instructional techniques are effective for fostering it. The main aim of this study was to unravel the impact of critical thinking instructions, practice, and self-explanation prompts during practice, on students'…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Critical Thinking, Teaching Methods, Prompting
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Gartmeier, Martin; Bauer, Johannes; Fischer, Martin R.; Hoppe-Seyler, Tobias; Karsten, Gudrun; Kiessling, Claudia; Möller, Grit E.; Wiesbeck, Anne; Prenzel, Manfred – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
This study investigated the effectiveness of three different versions of a training programme on physician-patient and teacher-parent conversations for medical students and student teachers. The research questions concerned the differential effects of e-learning featuring contrastive video cases, role-play including video feedback and their…
Descriptors: Physician Patient Relationship, Parent Teacher Cooperation, Medical Students, Student Teachers
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Cheung, Ming – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
Have you ever thought about why qualities whose definitions are elusive, such as those of a sunset or a half-opened rose, affect us so powerfully? According to de Saussure (Course in general linguistics, 1983), the making of meanings is closely related to the production and interpretation of signs. All types of design, including advertising…
Descriptors: Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Creativity, Advertising
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Molenaar, Inge; van Boxtel, Carla A. M.; Sleegers, Peter J. C. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
This study examined the effects of metacognitive scaffolds on learning outcomes of collaborating students in an innovative learning arrangement. The triads were supported by computerized scaffolds, which were dynamically integrated into the learning process and took a structuring or problematizing form. In an experimental design the two…
Descriptors: Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Research Design, Metacognition
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Nuckles, Matthias; Hubner, Sandra; Dumer, Sandra; Renkl, Alexander – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
This article presents two longitudinal studies that investigated expertise reversal effects in journal writing. In Experiment 1, students wrote regular journal entries over a whole term. The experimental group received a combination of cognitive and metacognitive prompts. The control group received no prompts. In the first half of the term, the…
Descriptors: Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Journal Writing, Metacognition
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Moseley, Bryan; Brenner, Mary E. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
This research examines students' ability to integrate algebraic variables with arithmetic operations and symbols as a result of the type of instruction they received, and places their work on scales that illustrate its location on the continuum from arithmetic to algebraic reasoning. It presents data from pre- and post-instruction clinical…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Arithmetic, Algebra, Mathematics Instruction