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Chase, Kiera; Abrahamson, Dor – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Forty 4th and 9th grade students participated individually in tutorial interviews centered on a problem-solving activity designed for learning basic algebra mechanics through diagrammatic modeling of an engaging narrative about a buccaneering giant burying and unearthing her treasure on a desert island. Participants were randomly assigned to…
Descriptors: Discovery Learning, Grade 4, Grade 9, Problem Solving
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Asterhan, Christa S. C.; Dotan, Aviv – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
In the present study, we examined the effects of feedback that corrects and contrasts a student's own erroneous solutions with the canonical, correct one (CEC&C feedback) on learning in a conceptual change task. Sixty undergraduate students received expository instruction about natural selection, which presented the canonical, scientifically…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Science Instruction, Undergraduate Students, Teaching Methods
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Rau, Martina A. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
To learn content knowledge in science, technology, engineering, and math domains, students need to make connections among visual representations. This article considers two kinds of connection-making skills: (1) "sense-making skills" that allow students to verbally explain mappings among representations and (2) "perceptual…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Learning Processes, Chemistry, Visual Aids
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Psycharis, Sarantos; Kallia, Maria – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
In this paper we investigate whether computer programming has an impact on high school student's reasoning skills, problem solving and self-efficacy in Mathematics. The quasi-experimental design was adopted to implement the study. The sample of the research comprised 66 high school students separated into two groups, the experimental and the…
Descriptors: Programming, Secondary School Students, Thinking Skills, Mathematics Instruction
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van de Kamp, Marie-Thérèse; Admiraal, Wilfried; Rijlaarsdam, Gert – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Visual arts education focuses on creating original visual art products. A means to improve originality is enhancement of divergent thinking, indicated by fluency, flexibility and originality of ideas. In regular arts lessons, divergent thinking is mostly promoted through brainstorming. In a previous study, we found positive effects of an explicit…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Creative Activities, Creative Thinking, Intervention
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Kim, So Mi; Hannafin, Michael J. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
This study examined how differing instructional scaffolding influenced the actual use of evaluation skills to improve argumentation quality during college science inquiry. Source representation scaffolds supported multi-faceted reflection of complex source properties while managing cognitive load. Students were given an online annotation tool…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Evaluation Methods, Persuasive Discourse, College Science
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Heijltjes, Anita; van Gog, Tamara; Leppink, Jimmie; Paas, Fred – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Acquisition of critical thinking skills is considered an important goal in higher education, but it is still unclear which specific instructional techniques are effective for fostering it. The main aim of this study was to unravel the impact of critical thinking instructions, practice, and self-explanation prompts during practice, on students'…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Critical Thinking, Teaching Methods, Prompting
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Gartmeier, Martin; Bauer, Johannes; Fischer, Martin R.; Hoppe-Seyler, Tobias; Karsten, Gudrun; Kiessling, Claudia; Möller, Grit E.; Wiesbeck, Anne; Prenzel, Manfred – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
This study investigated the effectiveness of three different versions of a training programme on physician-patient and teacher-parent conversations for medical students and student teachers. The research questions concerned the differential effects of e-learning featuring contrastive video cases, role-play including video feedback and their…
Descriptors: Physician Patient Relationship, Parent Teacher Cooperation, Medical Students, Student Teachers
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Leopold, Claudia; Doerner, Marcel; Leutner, Detlev; Dutke, Stephan – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
In two experiments, we compared effects of instructions that encourage learners to create referential connections between words and pictures with instructions that distract learners from creating referential connections. In Experiment 1, students read a scientific text under four conditions. In the text-picture condition, students read the…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Learning Processes, Learning Strategies, Educational Experiments
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Hefter, Markus H.; Berthold, Kirsten; Renkl, Alexander; Riess, Werner; Schmid, Sebastian; Fries, Stefan – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
Argumentation skills play a crucial role in science education and in preparing school students to act as informed citizens. While processing conflicting scientific positions regarding topics such as sustainable development in the domain of ecology, argumentation skills such as evaluating arguments or supporting theories with evidence are…
Descriptors: Science Education, Persuasive Discourse, Training, Intervention
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Chabani, Ellahe; Hommel, Bernhard – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
Recent decades have witnessed a growing interest in intervention-based assessment to promote and enhance children's learning. In this study, we explored the potential effect of an experimental visual-spatial intervention procedure and possible training benefits of two prompting modalities: one group received training with verbal and visual…
Descriptors: Prompting, Visual Aids, Verbal Communication, Skill Development
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Gan, Mark J. S.; Hattie, John – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
This study investigates the effects of prompting on secondary students' written peer feedback in chemistry investigation reports. In particular, we examined students' feedback features in relation to the use of criteria, feedback specificity, and feedback levels. A quasi-experimental pre-test post-test design was adopted. Reviewers in…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Feedback (Response), Investigations, Prompting
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Lazonder, Ard W.; Egberink, Angelique – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
Direct instruction is a proven effective method to strengthen children's ability to design unconfounded experiments using the control-of-variables strategy (CVS). Recent research suggests that task segmentation can also promote children's use of this strategy. The present study investigated this assumption by comparing the relative…
Descriptors: Direct Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness, Science Process Skills, Elementary School Science
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Reed, Stephen K.; Corbett, Albert; Hoffman, Bob; Wagner, Angela; MacLaren, Ben – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
Algebra students studied either static-table, static-graphics, or interactive-graphics instructional worked examples that alternated with Algebra Cognitive Tutor practice problems. A control group did not study worked examples but solved both the instructional and practice problems on the Cognitive Tutor (CT). Students in the control group…
Descriptors: Algebra, Equations (Mathematics), Animation, Control Groups
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Barak, Moshe – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
This paper presents the outcomes of teaching an inventive problem-solving course in junior high schools in an attempt to deal with the current relative neglect of fostering students' creativity and problem-solving capabilities in traditional schooling. The method involves carrying out systematic manipulation with attributes, functions and…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Junior High School Students, Heuristics, Creativity
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