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Nugteren, Michelle L.; Jarodzka, Halszka; Kester, Liesbeth; Van Merriënboer, Jeroen J. G. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Self-assessment and task selection are important self-regulated learning skills for secondary school students. More specifically, selecting new tasks based on self-assessments is very important for them, because teachers are not always present or able to select tasks for them individually. However, little is known about the processes underlying…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Models, Self Management
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van den Bogaart, Antoine C. M.; Schaap, Harmen; Hummel, Hans G. K.; Kirschner, Paul A. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
This article presents the use of personal professional theories (PPTs) in Dutch higher vocational education. PPTs are internalised bodies of formal and practical knowledge and convictions that professionals use to direct their behaviour. With the aid of high-quality representations of students' PPTs teachers can access, monitor, and support the…
Descriptors: Concept Mapping, Interviews, Schemata (Cognition), Higher Education
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Cremers, Petra H. M.; Wals, Arjen E. J.; Wesselink, Renate; Mulder, Martin – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Educational design research yields design knowledge, often in the form of design principles or guidelines that provide the rationale or "know-why" for the design of educational interventions. As such, design principles can be utilized by designers in contexts other than the research context in which they were generated. Although research…
Descriptors: Blended Learning, Instructional Design, Intervention, Teamwork
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van der Meij, Jan; van Amelsvoort, Marije; Anjewierden, Anjo – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Compared to text, diagrams are superior in their ability to structure and summarize information and to show relations between concepts and ideas. Perceptual cues, like arrows, are expected to improve the retention of diagrams by guiding the learner towards important elements or showing a preferred reading sequence. In our experiment, we analyzed…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Concept Mapping, Cues, Retention (Psychology)
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Wolff, Charlotte E.; Jarodzka, Halszka; van den Bogert, Niek; Boshuizen, Henny P. A. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Visual expertise has been explored in numerous professions, but research on teachers' vision remains limited. Teachers' visual expertise is an important professional skill, particularly the ability to simultaneously perceive and interpret classroom situations for effective classroom management. This skill is complex and relies on an awareness of…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Eye Movements, Expertise, Protocol Analysis
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van de Kamp, Marie-Thérèse; Admiraal, Wilfried; Rijlaarsdam, Gert – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Visual arts education focuses on creating original visual art products. A means to improve originality is enhancement of divergent thinking, indicated by fluency, flexibility and originality of ideas. In regular arts lessons, divergent thinking is mostly promoted through brainstorming. In a previous study, we found positive effects of an explicit…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Creative Activities, Creative Thinking, Intervention
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van Amelsvoort, Marije; Maes, Alfons – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
In argument diagrams, perceptual cues are important to aid understanding. However, we do not know what perceptual cues are used and produced to aid understanding. We present two studies in which we investigate (1) which spatial, graphical and textual elements people spontaneously use in creating for-against argument diagrams, and (2) how people…
Descriptors: Opinions, Cues, Visual Aids, Persuasive Discourse
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Wouters, Pieter; Paas, Fred; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
Animated models explicating how a problem is solved and why a particular method is chosen are expected to be effective learning tools for novices, especially when abstract cognitive processes or concepts are involved. Cognitive load theory was used to investigate how learners could be stimulated to engage in genuine learning activities. It was…
Descriptors: Observational Learning, Cognitive Processes, Teaching Methods, Difficulty Level