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Zhang, Heyi; Whitebread, David – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
This study examined whether kindergarten children's psychological needs satisfaction would mediate the relationships between parental scaffolding and children's use of self-regulated learning (SRL) strategic behaviours. One hundred and thirty Chinese kindergarten children and their parents participated in the study. Parental scaffolding and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Psychological Needs, Problem Solving, Self Determination
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Grotzer, Tina A.; Solis, S. Lynneth; Tutwiler, M. Shane; Cuzzolino, Megan Powell – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Understanding complex systems requires reasoning about causal relationships that behave or appear to behave probabilistically. Features such as distributed agency, large spatial scales, and time delays obscure co-variation relationships and complex interactions can result in non-deterministic relationships between causes and effects that are best…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Kindergarten, Grade 2
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van der Graaf, Joep; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
A dynamic assessment tool was developed and validated using Mokken scale analysis to assess the extent to which kindergartners are able to construct unconfounded experiments, an essential part of scientific reasoning. Scientific reasoning is one of the learning processes happening within science education. A commonly used, hands-on,…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Science Process Skills, Abstract Reasoning, Thinking Skills