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Tan, Esther – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Collaborative learning involves the collaborative regulation of cognitive activities to establish common ground for the coordination of content. Drawing on research on cognitive scripts to embed collaboration in learning, this study examines the effect of the quality of the grounding and testing processes on the quality of the inquiry processes…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Teaching Methods, Inquiry, Discourse Analysis
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Roelle, Julian; Berthold, Kirsten – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Comparing contrasting cases is a promising means to prepare learners for future learning from related direct instruction. The most prevalent type of preparation intervention used in this "case comparison approach" is providing contrasting cases together with comparison prompts. However, if the contrasting cases are complex learners might…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Teaching Methods, Task Analysis, Prompting
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Wallerstedt, Cecilia; Pramling, Niklas – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
In the present study we investigate what problems adolescents in year-nine compulsory school face when trying to learn to play a song together, how they take on these, and how their teacher responds to these problems. The studied practice, where students are to form a band and learn to play a song together in music class, is an example of…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Informal Education, Grade 8, Adolescents
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Ngu, Bing Hiong; Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; Tobias, Stephen – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
Eighth grade students in Australia (N = 60) participated in an experiment on learning how to solve percentage change problems in a regular classroom in three conditions: unitary, pictorial, and equation approaches. The procedure involved a pre-test, an acquisition phase, and a post-test. The main goal was to test the relative merits of the three…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Mathematics Instruction
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Eckhardt, Marc; Urhahne, Detlef; Conrad, Olaf; Harms, Ute – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
The study examined the effects of two different instructional interventions as support for scientific discovery learning using computer simulations. In two well-known categories of difficulty, data interpretation and self-regulation, instructional interventions for learning with computer simulations on the topic "ecosystem water" were developed…
Descriptors: Difficulty Level, Cognitive Processes, Academic Support Services, Discovery Learning
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Mason, Lucia; Boscolo, Pietro; Tornatora, Maria; Ronconi, Lucia – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
This study examines the contribution of learner cognitive and motivational characteristics to achievement in science at three grade levels. Specifically, the relations between domain-specific epistemic beliefs about the development and justification of scientific knowledge, achievement goals, knowledge, self-concept, self-efficacy, and achievement…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Program Effectiveness, Self Efficacy, Questionnaires
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Lenzner, Alwine; Schnotz, Wolfgang; Müller, Andreas – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
Three experiments with students from 7th and 8th grade were performed to investigate the effects of decorative pictures in learning as compared to instructional pictures. Pictures were considered as instructional, when they were primarily informative, and as decorative, when they were primarily aesthetically appealing. The experiments…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Grade 7, Grade 8, Pictorial Stimuli
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Chan, Joanne C. Y.; Lam, Shui-fong – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
Two studies examined the effects of four types of teachers' evaluative feedback on Chinese students' self-efficacy in English vocabulary acquisition. In Study 1, a random sample of Grade 8 students (N = 79) learned prefixes and received either formative or summative feedback after failure in test. The results showed that students who received…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Self Efficacy, Vocabulary, Grade 8
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Boldrin, Angela; Mason, Lucia – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
"I believe that he/she is telling the truth", "I know about the solar system": what epistemic criteria do students use to distinguish between knowledge and beliefs? If knowing and believing are conceptually distinguishable, do students of different grade levels use the same criteria to differentiate the two constructs? How do students understand…
Descriptors: Criteria, Grade 8, Beliefs, Epistemology