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Tan, Esther – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Collaborative learning involves the collaborative regulation of cognitive activities to establish common ground for the coordination of content. Drawing on research on cognitive scripts to embed collaboration in learning, this study examines the effect of the quality of the grounding and testing processes on the quality of the inquiry processes…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Teaching Methods, Inquiry, Discourse Analysis
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Rogat, Toni Kempler; Adams-Wiggins, Karlyn R. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
The current study examines variation in other-regulation, conceptualized as efforts by one student to regulate their group's work. This study extends research which has conceptualized other-regulation as temporarily guiding others' conceptual understanding and skill development by broadening the spectrum of other-regulation to include…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Self Control, Group Behavior, Grade 7
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Wu, Hsin-Kai; Lin, Yu-Fen; Hsu, Ying-Shao – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of representation sequences and spatial ability on students' scientific understandings about the mechanism of breathing in human beings. 130 seventh graders were assigned to two groups with different sequential combinations of static and dynamic representations: SD group (i.e., viewing…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Prior Learning, Interaction, Semi Structured Interviews
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Siler, Stephanie A.; Klahr, David; Price, Norman – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
Many studies have shown benefits associated with engaging students in problem-solving activities prior to administering lessons. These problem-solving activities are assumed to activate relevant knowledge and allow students to develop some initial knowledge structures, which support understanding of the lesson. In this paper we report the results…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Research Design, Problem Solving, Learning Activities
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Lenzner, Alwine; Schnotz, Wolfgang; Müller, Andreas – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
Three experiments with students from 7th and 8th grade were performed to investigate the effects of decorative pictures in learning as compared to instructional pictures. Pictures were considered as instructional, when they were primarily informative, and as decorative, when they were primarily aesthetically appealing. The experiments…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Grade 7, Grade 8, Pictorial Stimuli
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Sears, David A.; Reagin, James Michael – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
Many studies have tested external supports for promoting productive collaboration, but relatively few have examined what features characterize naturally productive collaborative tasks. Two lines of research have come to distinct conclusions on the primary task feature associated with productive collaboration: demonstrability versus complexity.…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Instruction, Cooperative Learning
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Kapur, Manu – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
This paper replicates and extends my earlier work on productive failure in mathematical problem solving (Kapur, doi:10.1007/s11251-009-9093-x, 2009). One hundred and nine, seventh-grade mathematics students taught by the same teacher from a Singapore school experienced one of three learning designs: (a) traditional lecture and practice (LP), (b)…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Problem Solving, Foreign Countries, Grade 7
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Kapur, Manu – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
This paper reports on a quasi-experimental study comparing a "productive failure" instructional design (Kapur in Cognition and Instruction 26(3):379-424, 2008) with a traditional "lecture and practice" instructional design for a 2-week curricular unit on rate and speed. Seventy-five, 7th-grade mathematics students from a…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Foreign Countries, Lecture Method, Problem Solving
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Chan, Joanne C. Y.; Lam, Shui-fong – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
Two studies examined the effects of four types of teachers' evaluative feedback on Chinese students' self-efficacy in English vocabulary acquisition. In Study 1, a random sample of Grade 8 students (N = 79) learned prefixes and received either formative or summative feedback after failure in test. The results showed that students who received…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Self Efficacy, Vocabulary, Grade 8
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Ardac, Dilek; Unal, Serap – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
The present study examines how changes in the amount of on-screen text will influence student learning from a multimedia instructional unit on basic concepts of coordinate geometry. The relative effectiveness of two different versions (short-text and whole-text) of the instructional unit was examined for students who differed in terms of their…
Descriptors: Memory, Grade 7, Geometry, Multimedia Instruction
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Simons, Krista D.; Klein, James D. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2007
This study examined how scaffolds and student achievement levels influence inquiry and performance in a problem-based learning environment. The scaffolds were embedded within a hypermedia program that placed students at the center of a problem in which they were trying to become the youngest person to fly around the world in a balloon. One-hundred…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Problem Based Learning, Hypermedia, Program Effectiveness