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Tan, Esther – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Collaborative learning involves the collaborative regulation of cognitive activities to establish common ground for the coordination of content. Drawing on research on cognitive scripts to embed collaboration in learning, this study examines the effect of the quality of the grounding and testing processes on the quality of the inquiry processes…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Teaching Methods, Inquiry, Discourse Analysis
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Grotzer, Tina A.; Solis, S. Lynneth; Tutwiler, M. Shane; Cuzzolino, Megan Powell – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Understanding complex systems requires reasoning about causal relationships that behave or appear to behave probabilistically. Features such as distributed agency, large spatial scales, and time delays obscure co-variation relationships and complex interactions can result in non-deterministic relationships between causes and effects that are best…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Kindergarten, Grade 2
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Hartmeyer, Rikke; Bølling, Mads; Bentsen, Peter – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Current research points to Personal Meaning Mapping (PMM) as a method useful in investigating students' prior and current science knowledge. However, studies investigating PMM as a method for exploring specific knowledge dimensions are lacking. Ensuring that students are able to access specific knowledge dimensions is important, especially in…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Interviews, Teaching Methods, Taxonomy
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Wagensveld, Barbara; Segers, Eliane; Kleemans, Tijs; Verhoeven, Ludo – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
We examined the role child factors on the acquisition and transfer of learning the control of variables strategy (CVS) via instruction or self-discovery. Seventy-six fourth graders and 43 sixth graders were randomly assigned to a group receiving direct CVS instruction or a discovery learning group. Prior to the intervention, cognitive, scientific,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Grade 6, Transfer of Training
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Martin, Lee; Gourley-Delaney, Pamela – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
Students' judgments about "what counts" as mathematics in and out of school have important consequences for problem solving and transfer, yet our understanding of the source and nature of these judgments remains incomplete. Thirty-five sixth grade students participated in a study focused on what activities students judge as…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Grade 6, Photography, Group Discussion
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Heemsoth, Tim; Heinze, Aiso – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
Educational research indicates that error reflection, especially reflection on incorrect examples, has a positive effect on knowledge acquisition. The benefit of error reflections might be explained by the extended knowledge of incorrect strategies and concepts (negative knowledge) which fosters the learning of new content. In a field experiment…
Descriptors: Mathematics, Reflection, Grade 6, Comparative Analysis
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Küpper-Tetzel, Carolina E.; Erdfelder, Edgar; Dickhäuser, Oliver – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
Educators often face serious time constraints that impede multiple repetition lessons on the same material. Thus, it would be useful to know when to schedule a single repetition unit to maximize memory performance. Laboratory studies revealed that the length of the retention interval (i.e., the time between the last learning session and the final…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Memory, Vocabulary, Grade 6
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Lai, Ming; Law, Nancy – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
This paper aims to study the relationship between questioning and the quality of knowledge constructed in a CSCL context. In previous studies, different units of analysis are employed and the patterns of relationships are not consistent for different age groups. The analytic units of a thread, an individual, and a group are employed in this study,…
Descriptors: Correlation, Grade 6, Grade 10, Age Groups
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Tapola, Anna; Veermans, Marjaana; Niemivirta, Markku – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
In this study we examined change in students' situational interest as a function of student and task characteristics. Fifth- and sixth-graders (n = 52) were assigned to one of two task conditions that used a different version of a science simulation. The versions differed in how concrete vs. abstract the simulation elements were.…
Descriptors: Science Education, Task Analysis, Elementary School Students, Prior Learning
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Schlag, Sabine; Ploetzner, Rolf – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
Texts and pictures are often combined in order to improve learning. Many students, however, have difficulty to appropriately process text-picture combinations. We have thus conceptualized a learning strategy which supports learning from illustrated texts. By inducing the processes of information selection, organization, integration, and…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Learning Strategies, Effect Size, Grade 6
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Kim, Minchi C.; Hannafin, Michael J. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
In response to the calls to improve and deepen scientific understanding and literacy, considerable effort has been invested in developing sustainable technology-enhanced learning environments to improve science inquiry. Research has provided important guidance for scaffolding learning in mathematics and science. However, these reports have…
Descriptors: Evidence, Classroom Research, Grade 6, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique)
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Yang, Fang-Ying; Tsai, Chin-Chung – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
In order to fulfill social responsibility, one of the goals in science education is to equip students with the competence of scientific reasoning. Nevertheless, psychological studies have found that people in general do not have adequate ability to make scientific arguments in everyday situations. Later studies found that the inadequate ability…
Descriptors: Psychological Studies, Content Analysis, Grade 6, Social Responsibility