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Firetto, Carla M.; Murphy, P. Karen; Greene, Jeffrey A.; Li, Mengyi; Wei, Liwei; Montalbano, Cristin; Hendrick, Brendan; Croninger, Rachel M. V. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Effective interventions are needed to bolster students' argumentation capacities, an area in which they consistently struggle. Quality Talk (QT) is an approach to small-group classroom discussion shown to support students' oral argumentation with preliminary evidence that it may also bolster students' written argumentation. Teachers often must…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Skill Development, Small Group Instruction, Discussion (Teaching Technique)
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Wilkerson, Michelle Hoda; Shareff, Rebecca; Laina, Vasiliki; Gravel, Brian – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
In computational modeling activities, learners are expected to discover the inner workings of scientific and mathematical systems: First elaborating their understandings of a given system through constructing a computer model, then "debugging" that knowledge by testing and refining the model. While such activities have been shown to…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Models, Grade 5, Elementary School Students
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Tao, Dan; Zhang, Jianwei – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
This study explores the reflective processes by which a grade 5 science community co-constructed shared inquiry structures to focus and guide its inquiry about human body systems over a school year supported by a collaborative online environment. The co-constructed structures included a list of collective wondering areas as the shared focus of…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Knowledge Level, Grade 5, Content Analysis
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Rau, Martina A.; Aleven, Vincent; Rummel, Nikol – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Prior research shows that representational competencies that enable students to use graphical representations to reason and solve tasks is key to learning in many science, technology, engineering, and mathematics domains. We focus on two types of representational competencies: (1) "sense making" of connections by verbally explaining how…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Stewart, Olivia G.; Jordan, Michelle E. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Recent scholarship highlights the wealth of varied and interconnected opportunities for learning science that informal environments can provide; yet, participants with different experiences, knowledge, and backgrounds do not all learn in the same ways. Thus, studies are needed that examine how particular participants take up learning opportunities…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Educational Environment, Science Education, STEM Education
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Schünemann, Nina; Spörer, Nadine; Völlinger, Vanessa A.; Brunstein, Joachim C. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
The goal of this research was to highlight the role social regulatory processes play in making students' teamwork in reciprocal teaching (RT) groups (a classroom activity in which students take the teacher's role in small group reading sessions) effective. In addition to teamwork quality, we expected peer feedback to be a key factor in enhancing…
Descriptors: Teamwork, Cooperative Learning, Student Role, Peer Teaching
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Zoupidis, Anastasios; Pnevmatikos, Dimitrios; Spyrtou, Anna; Kariotoglou, Petros – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
The aim of the present study was twofold. First, we aimed to replicate the findings of previous studies which had showed a substantial improvement on procedural and epistemological knowledge after direct instruction and their maintenance in time. Second, we aimed to examine the dynamic relationships of the procedural (control of variables…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Grade 5, Questionnaires, Path Analysis
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Sung, Yao-Ting; Shih, Pao-Chen; Chang, Kuo-En – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Providing instruction on spatial geometry, specifically how to calculate the surface areas of composite solids, challenges many elementary school teachers. Determining the surface areas of composite solids involves complex calculations and advanced spatial concepts. The goals of this study were to build on students' learning processes for…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Geometry
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Mason, Lucia; Boscolo, Pietro; Tornatora, Maria; Ronconi, Lucia – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
This study examines the contribution of learner cognitive and motivational characteristics to achievement in science at three grade levels. Specifically, the relations between domain-specific epistemic beliefs about the development and justification of scientific knowledge, achievement goals, knowledge, self-concept, self-efficacy, and achievement…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Program Effectiveness, Self Efficacy, Questionnaires
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Tapola, Anna; Veermans, Marjaana; Niemivirta, Markku – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
In this study we examined change in students' situational interest as a function of student and task characteristics. Fifth- and sixth-graders (n = 52) were assigned to one of two task conditions that used a different version of a science simulation. The versions differed in how concrete vs. abstract the simulation elements were.…
Descriptors: Science Education, Task Analysis, Elementary School Students, Prior Learning
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Cohen, Marisa T.; Johnson, Helen L. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
This study examined the effect of imagery interventions for the presentation of novel science vocabulary to fifth grade learners. Eighty-nine students from two schools in Long Island participated in this study and were randomly assigned to four different instructional interventions: a Picture Presentation method, in which a word was paired with a…
Descriptors: Learning, Retention (Psychology), Science Instruction, Grade 5
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Taboada, Ana – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
This study investigated the influence of general vocabulary knowledge, science vocabulary knowledge, and text based questioning on the science reading comprehension of three types of students who varied in their English language proficiency. Specifically, grade 5 English-Only speakers, English Language Learners in the United States, and students…
Descriptors: Vocabulary, Knowledge Level, Questioning Techniques, Science Education