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Grotzer, Tina A.; Solis, S. Lynneth; Tutwiler, M. Shane; Cuzzolino, Megan Powell – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Understanding complex systems requires reasoning about causal relationships that behave or appear to behave probabilistically. Features such as distributed agency, large spatial scales, and time delays obscure co-variation relationships and complex interactions can result in non-deterministic relationships between causes and effects that are best…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Kindergarten, Grade 2
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Danish, Joshua; Saleh, Asmalina; Andrade, Alejandro; Bryan, Branden – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Our paper builds on the construct of the zone of proximal development (ZPD) (Vygotsky in Mind in society: the development of higher psychological processes, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1978) to analyze the relationship between students' answers and the help they receive as they construct them. We report on a secondary analysis of…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Ability, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Cognitive Development
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Fyfe, Emily R.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Recent research highlights the potential benefits of practice without feedback on learner's strategy knowledge. However, most prior work has been conducted in one-on-one settings with short retention intervals. We compared the effects of mathematics practice with and without correct-answer feedback on immediate and 1-week delayed performance in a…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Elementary School Mathematics, Drills (Practice), Grade 2
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Danish, Joshua A.; Saleh, Asmalina – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
We report on a design based research study exploring how the organization of classroom activity impacts early elementary students' critical criteria for evaluating representations in science class. The ability to critique representations produced by others as well as one's own is an important practice when working with representations. Effective…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Grade 1, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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Fyfe, Emily R.; DeCaro, Marci S.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Feedback is generally considered a beneficial learning tool, and providing feedback is a recommended instructional practice. However, there are a variety of feedback types with little guidance on how to choose the most effective one. We examined individual differences in working memory capacity as a potential moderator of feedback type. Second-…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Feedback (Response), Grade 2, Grade 3
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Throndsen, Inger; Turmo, Are – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
Primary mathematics teachers' (N = 521) personal goal orientation and instructional practices were examined based on questionnaire responses. The teachers (grades 2 and 3) were oriented towards mastery goals and mastery approaches to instruction, and reported high teaching efficacy. Strong positive relation between performance orientation and…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Teaching Methods, Elementary School Students, Grade 2
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Shoval, Ella – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
Unlike studies on cooperative learning that have focused on the verbal communication aspect of learning, this study focuses on the non-verbal aspect--mindful movement, which is the use of body movement to aid academic learning. Our research examined the link between five learning activities occurring within a cooperative group of children using…
Descriptors: Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Verbal Communication, Learning Activities
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Glenberg, Arthur M.; Goldberg, Andrew B.; Zhu, Xiaojin – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
An embodied approach to reading comprehension suggests that emerging readers must learn to map words and phrases onto their remembered experiences, but this is made difficult by the necessity of focusing attention on decoding. Having children manipulate toys to correspond to what they are reading overcomes this problem, but introduces its own…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Early Reading, Toys, Educational Technology