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Gidalevich, Stella; Kramarski, Bracha – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Research has indicated that students can be taught self-regulated learning (SRL) in scaffolding programs focusing on a fixed continuous practice (e.g., metacognitive question prompts). However, the fading role of scaffolding to prepare autonomous learning is often an overlooked component. A unique approach for fading is suggested that offers a…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique)
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Firetto, Carla M.; Murphy, P. Karen; Greene, Jeffrey A.; Li, Mengyi; Wei, Liwei; Montalbano, Cristin; Hendrick, Brendan; Croninger, Rachel M. V. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Effective interventions are needed to bolster students' argumentation capacities, an area in which they consistently struggle. Quality Talk (QT) is an approach to small-group classroom discussion shown to support students' oral argumentation with preliminary evidence that it may also bolster students' written argumentation. Teachers often must…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Skill Development, Small Group Instruction, Discussion (Teaching Technique)
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Coppens, Leonora C.; Hoogerheide, Vincent; Snippe, Elleke M.; Flunger, Barbara; van Gog, Tamara – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Example-based learning (i.e., studying examples to learn a problem-solution procedure, often alternated with solving practice problems) leads to better learning outcomes than solving practice problems only, and video examples are increasingly being used in online and blended learning environments. Recent findings show that the presentation order…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Academically Gifted, Student Motivation, Self Esteem
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Zhang, Heyi; Whitebread, David – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
This study examined whether kindergarten children's psychological needs satisfaction would mediate the relationships between parental scaffolding and children's use of self-regulated learning (SRL) strategic behaviours. One hundred and thirty Chinese kindergarten children and their parents participated in the study. Parental scaffolding and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Psychological Needs, Problem Solving, Self Determination
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Heinze, Aiso; Arend, Julia; Gruessing, Meike; Lipowsky, Frank – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
The adaptive use of strategies, that is selecting a strategy which allows an efficient solution for a given problem, can be considered as an important individual ability relevant in various domains. Based on models of subjects' skills of adaptive use of strategies, two idealized instructional approaches are suggested to foster students in their…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, Grade 3
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Tan, Esther – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Collaborative learning involves the collaborative regulation of cognitive activities to establish common ground for the coordination of content. Drawing on research on cognitive scripts to embed collaboration in learning, this study examines the effect of the quality of the grounding and testing processes on the quality of the inquiry processes…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Teaching Methods, Inquiry, Discourse Analysis
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Ponce, Héctor R.; Mayer, Richard E.; López, Mario J.; Loyola, María Soledad – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
This study examines the effects of including interactive graphic organizers into a whole-class PowerPoint lesson as an instructional approach intended to improve student engagement and generative learning in schools. A software application was developed and integrated into PowerPoint that makes it possible for the instructor to fill in empty…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Computer Software, Teaching Methods, Grade 4
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Jaakkola, Tomi; Veermans, Koen – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
The present study investigates the effects that concreteness fading has on learning and transfer across three grade levels (4-6) in elementary school science education in comparison to learning with constantly concrete representations. 127 9- to 12-years-old elementary school students studied electric circuits in a computer-based simulation…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Science Education, Learning Processes
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Fong, Cresencia; Slotta, James D. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
We report on a multi-year design study of a technology environment called Common Knowledge (CK), designed to support learning communities in K-12 classrooms. Students represent their ideas in the form of notes, add their ideas to a collective knowledge base, and use this knowledge base as a resource for their subsequent inquiries. CK supports…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Blended Learning, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Knowledge Level
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Rau, Martina A.; Aleven, Vincent; Rummel, Nikol – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Prior research shows that representational competencies that enable students to use graphical representations to reason and solve tasks is key to learning in many science, technology, engineering, and mathematics domains. We focus on two types of representational competencies: (1) "sense making" of connections by verbally explaining how…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Grotzer, Tina A.; Solis, S. Lynneth; Tutwiler, M. Shane; Cuzzolino, Megan Powell – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Understanding complex systems requires reasoning about causal relationships that behave or appear to behave probabilistically. Features such as distributed agency, large spatial scales, and time delays obscure co-variation relationships and complex interactions can result in non-deterministic relationships between causes and effects that are best…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Kindergarten, Grade 2
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Danish, Joshua; Saleh, Asmalina; Andrade, Alejandro; Bryan, Branden – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Our paper builds on the construct of the zone of proximal development (ZPD) (Vygotsky in Mind in society: the development of higher psychological processes, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1978) to analyze the relationship between students' answers and the help they receive as they construct them. We report on a secondary analysis of…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Ability, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Cognitive Development
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Stewart, Olivia G.; Jordan, Michelle E. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Recent scholarship highlights the wealth of varied and interconnected opportunities for learning science that informal environments can provide; yet, participants with different experiences, knowledge, and backgrounds do not all learn in the same ways. Thus, studies are needed that examine how particular participants take up learning opportunities…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Educational Environment, Science Education, STEM Education
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Fyfe, Emily R.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Recent research highlights the potential benefits of practice without feedback on learner's strategy knowledge. However, most prior work has been conducted in one-on-one settings with short retention intervals. We compared the effects of mathematics practice with and without correct-answer feedback on immediate and 1-week delayed performance in a…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Elementary School Mathematics, Drills (Practice), Grade 2
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Gillies, Robyn M.; Baffour, Bernard – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
The study sought to determine the effects of teacher-introduced multimodal representations and discourse on students' task engagement and scientific language during cooperative, inquiry-based science. The study involved eight Year 6 teachers in two conditions (four very effective teachers and four effective teachers) who taught two units of…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Cooperative Learning, Inquiry, Science Instruction
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