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Mason, Lucia; Boscolo, Pietro; Tornatora, Maria; Ronconi, Lucia – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
This study examines the contribution of learner cognitive and motivational characteristics to achievement in science at three grade levels. Specifically, the relations between domain-specific epistemic beliefs about the development and justification of scientific knowledge, achievement goals, knowledge, self-concept, self-efficacy, and achievement…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Program Effectiveness, Self Efficacy, Questionnaires
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Ariasi, Nicola; Mason, Lucia – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
This study examined whether reading a refutational or non-refutational text would induce different cognitive processing, as revealed by eye-movement analyses. Unlike a standard expository text, a refutational text acknowledges a reader's alternative conceptions about a topic, refutes them, and then introduces scientific conceptions as viable…
Descriptors: Text Structure, Attention, Scientific Concepts, Human Body
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Mason, Lucia; Boldrin, Angela; Ariasi, Nicola – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
Students are making an increased use of the Web as a source for solving information problems for academic assignments. To extend current research about search behavior during navigation on the Web, this study examined whether students are able to spontaneously reflect, from an epistemic perspective, on the information accessed, and whether their…
Descriptors: Student Characteristics, Protocol Analysis, Prior Learning, Metacognition
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Boldrin, Angela; Mason, Lucia – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
"I believe that he/she is telling the truth", "I know about the solar system": what epistemic criteria do students use to distinguish between knowledge and beliefs? If knowing and believing are conceptually distinguishable, do students of different grade levels use the same criteria to differentiate the two constructs? How do students understand…
Descriptors: Criteria, Grade 8, Beliefs, Epistemology