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Kapur, Manu – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
The goal of this paper is to isolate the preparatory effects of problem-generation from solution generation in problem-posing contexts, and their underlying mechanisms on learning from instruction. Using a randomized-controlled design, students were assigned to one of two conditions: (a) problem-posing with solution generation, where they…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Activities, Concept Formation
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Abrahamson, Dor; Kapur, Manu – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Whereas some educational designers believe that students should learn new concepts through explorative problem solving within dedicated environments that constrain key parameters of their search and then support their progressive appropriation of empowering disciplinary forms, others are critical of the ultimate efficacy of this discovery-based…
Descriptors: Discovery Learning, Educational Research, Instructional Design, Educational Philosophy
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Trninic, Dragan; Swanson, Hillary; Kapur, Manu – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
"Community" has become a commonplace term in the learning sciences. Alongside this popularization comes the view that communities are, in general, something to strive towards. We draw on contemporary trends to problematize this assumption and motivate a discussion for the productivity of dissent.
Descriptors: Dissent, Cooperative Learning, Community, Productivity
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Toh, Pee Li Leslie; Kapur, Manu – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
A critical assumption made in Kapur's ("Instr Sci" 40:651-672, 2012) productive failure design is that students have the necessary prerequisite knowledge resources to generate and explore solutions to problems before learning the targeted concept. Through two quasi-experimental studies, we interrogated this assumption in the context of…
Descriptors: Prerequisites, Prior Learning, Problem Solving, Failure
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Kapur, Manu – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
In a study with ninth-grade mathematics students on learning the concept of variance, students experienced either direct instruction (DI) or productive failure (PF), wherein they were first asked to generate a quantitative index for variance without any guidance before receiving DI on the concept. Whereas DI students relied only on the canonical…
Descriptors: Direct Instruction, Mathematics Instruction, Multivariate Analysis, Mathematical Models
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Jacobson, Michael J.; Kapur, Manu; So, Hyo-Jeong; Lee, June – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
This paper discusses a study of students learning core conceptual perspectives from recent scientific research on complexity using a hypermedia learning environment in which different types of scaffolding were provided. Three comparison groups used a hypermedia system with agent-based models and scaffolds for problem-based learning activities that…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Problem Based Learning, Hypermedia, Problem Solving
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Kapur, Manu – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
This paper replicates and extends my earlier work on productive failure in mathematical problem solving (Kapur, doi:10.1007/s11251-009-9093-x, 2009). One hundred and nine, seventh-grade mathematics students taught by the same teacher from a Singapore school experienced one of three learning designs: (a) traditional lecture and practice (LP), (b)…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Problem Solving, Foreign Countries, Grade 7
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Kapur, Manu – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
This paper reports on a quasi-experimental study comparing a "productive failure" instructional design (Kapur in Cognition and Instruction 26(3):379-424, 2008) with a traditional "lecture and practice" instructional design for a 2-week curricular unit on rate and speed. Seventy-five, 7th-grade mathematics students from a…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Foreign Countries, Lecture Method, Problem Solving