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Likourezos, Vicki; Kalyuga, Slava – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
According to cognitive load theory, using worked examples is an effective and efficient instructional strategy for initial cognitive skill acquisition for novice learners, as it reduces cognitive load and frees up cognitive resources to build task competence. Contrary to this, productive failure (as well as invention learning, desirable…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Difficulty Level, Cognitive Processes, Direct Instruction
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Kalyuga, Slava; Law, Yin Kum; Lee, Chee Ha – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
The study investigated the effectiveness of causal words embedded in Chinese texts to explicitly indicate causal links between the described events. Primary school students with different levels of reading expertise participated in the experiment that compared an embedded casual-words format with the original no-causal-words format. An interaction…
Descriptors: Difficulty Level, Cognitive Processes, Elementary Schools, Internet
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Oksa, Annishka; Kalyuga, Slava; Chandler, Paul – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
The reported study compared the instructional effectiveness of Modern English explanatory interpretations of Shakespearean play extracts integrated line by line into original Elizabethan English text, with a conventional unguided original text condition. Experiment 1 demonstrated that the explanatory notes group reported a lower cognitive load and…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Drama, Prior Learning, Program Effectiveness
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Blayney, Paul; Kalyuga, Slava; Sweller, John – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
This study investigated interactions between the isolated-interactive elements effect and levels of learner expertise with first year undergraduate university accounting students. The isolated-interactive elements effect occurs when learning is facilitated by initially presenting elements of information sequentially in an isolated form rather than…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Teaching Methods, Investigations, Undergraduate Students