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Macdonald, Stephen – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2019
This article discusses six theoretical frameworks of disability which dominate studies of dyslexia: (1) the biomedical, (2) the biopsychosocial, (3) the social model, (4) the critical realist, (5) the post-structuralistic, and (6) the neurodivergent approach. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate how models of disability alter our understandings…
Descriptors: Models, Dyslexia, Foreign Countries, Learning Disabilities
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Spilles, Markus; Hagen, Tobias; Hennemann, Thomas – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2019
Children with externalized behavioral problems (BP) are at increased risk of being affected by a lack of social skills and academic engagement, and reading difficulties can frequently occur. Peer-tutoring (PT) interventions demonstrably promote both positive behavior and academic outcomes. To foster these effects, using interdependent group-reward…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Tutors, Peer Teaching, Behavior Problems
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Grünke, Matthias – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2019
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a simple contingency contracting intervention on the correct use of punctuation marks in freely produced texts by elementary school children with learning disabilities. This approach can be considered a promising strategy for facilitating the development of academic skills in…
Descriptors: Punctuation, Elementary School Students, Learning Disabilities, Foreign Countries
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Fraher, Claren; Jones, Kristina; Caniglia, Cyndi; Crowell, Gabrielle; Hastings, Katie; Zumwalt, Kimberly – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2019
The aim of this single-case study was to evaluate the effects of a Direct Instruction flashcard system on the sight word identification of a tenth grader with a learning disability. To appraise the benefits of the intervention, a changing criterion single-subject design was applied. Findings indicated that the student profited greatly from the…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Direct Instruction, Word Recognition, Grade 10
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Sperling, Marko; Barwasser, Anne; Grünke, Matthias – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2019
The ability to read is the gateway to success in modern knowledge-driven societies. Thus, it is vital to make sure that no child is left behind in his or her endeavor to acquire the cognitive processes needed to understand age-appropriate texts. One significant milestone on the way to reach proficiency in this respect is memorization of certain…
Descriptors: Intervention, Word Recognition, Reading Fluency, Learning Disabilities
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Grünke, Matthias; Karnes, Jennifer; Hisgen, Susanne – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2019
The purpose of this single case study was to evaluate the effects of a multicomponent motivational intervention that consisted of explicit timing, immediate feedback through self- scoring, goal setting, and positive reinforcement on the arithmetical skills of three third graders with learning disabilities. An ABA reversal multiple-baseline…
Descriptors: Intervention, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students, Learning Disabilities
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Freeman-Green, Shaqwana; Person, Julie; O'Brien, Chris – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2018
In the era of multi-tiered system of support approach to learning, identifying mathematical interventions that have been found to be effective for students who are struggling academically is imperative. Given the divide between instructional approaches in general and special education mathematical teaching approaches, it is important to bridge the…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Secondary School Students, Secondary School Mathematics, Learning Disabilities
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Boudah, Daniel J. – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2018
National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) data have indicated that many secondary students lack sufficient literacy skills, and that students who receive free/reduced lunch, students from rural settings, and students with disabilities are particularly low-performing (National Center for Education Statistics, 2015). Despite some…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Intervention, Adolescents, Learning Disabilities
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Philippakos, Zoi A. Traga; FitzPatrick, Erin – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2018
Writing is an essential skill and outcome for academic and professional success, but the call for evidence-based practices and instructional differentiation to support all student-writers' needs has yet to be sufficiently addressed. The Common Core State Standards' Initiative resurfaced a focus on writing instruction and brought attention to…
Descriptors: Writing Instruction, Student Writing Models, Individualized Instruction, Learning Disabilities
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Lopuch, Jeremy – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2018
Response to Intervention (RTI) is a complex initiative which requires the ongoing support and communication of multiple stakeholders (e.g., teachers, administrators, support staff). The purpose of this paper is to examine RTI and direct application of the framework with public school practitioners. The paper is separated into several sections.…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Response to Intervention, Academic Achievement, At Risk Students
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Hutchison, Charles B. – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2018
When typical pre-service teachers muse over classroom dynamics, they seldom pause to consider the fact that humanity exists in continua on several levels: their physical abilities, cognitive abilities, and culturally-enabled or -engendered abilities and "disabilities." For this reason, they need guidance in order to bridge their…
Descriptors: Special Education, Disproportionate Representation, Disabilities, Teacher Competencies
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Golloher, Andrea N.; Whitenack, David A.; Simpson, Lisa A.; Sacco, Donna – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2018
National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) data reveal that students with disabilities who are emergent bilinguals (English language learners) have the lowest levels of proficiency in reading and mathematics among all student groups. We consider issues related to the instruction of emergent bilinguals, including those identified as having…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Response to Intervention, Learning Disabilities, Faculty Development
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Taha, Mohamed M.; El Nagar, Hosny Z. – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2018
The purpose of this study is to construct and evaluate diagnostic battery tests of verbal and non-verbal learning disabilities for students in the Arabic schools. 612 students were in the 3rd, 4th and 5th grades of primary school were involved, mostly from Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Their ages ranged from 7.94-10.98 with mean age = 9.62 and SD =…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Learning Disabilities, Foreign Countries, Grade 3
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Grünke, Matthias; Knaak, Turid; Hisgen, Susanne – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2018
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a simple multicomponent motivational intervention on the writing performance of a class of low-achieving fourth graders under everyday conditions in schools. An ABAB design was utilized to establish a functional relationship between the independent variable (a treatment involving explicit…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Intervention, Elementary School Students, Low Achievement
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Datchuk, Shawn M.; Dembek, Ginny A. – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2018
Difficulties with two critical transcription skills, handwriting and spelling, can hinder acquisition and use of simple sentences during writing for elementary students. This preliminary investigation used a framework of data-based individualization to adapt and study effects of a multi-component intervention designed to teach simple sentence…
Descriptors: Sentences, Intervention, Spelling, Handwriting
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