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Clark, Ian – Improving Schools, 2014
The central and distinguishing thesis of social and cultural perspectives on outcome equity is that public school classrooms are culturally biased environments. Such environments disaffect children who arrive at school from the economic or cultural margin. The "formative learning environment" (FoLE) establishes and sustains legitimate…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Outcomes of Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Public Schools
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Williams, Ereka; Johnson, Melanie – Improving Schools, 2011
Historically, African American teachers have been the foundation of effective teaching for African American learners and for others in public schools before and after the landmark Brown versus Board decision. The ability of these teachers to do the work necessary to continue this legacy in the post-Brown era appears to be difficult in current…
Descriptors: African American Teachers, Teacher Effectiveness, Work Environment, Principals