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Mehlman, Natalia – History of Education Quarterly, 2007
By December 1968, the Anaheim Family Life and Sex Education (FLSE) program, celebrated since its formal introduction in 1965 as one of the most progressive in the nation, was being smeared as communistic and perverse. Local activists in this Orange County city had been congregating in hotel rooms and homes, screening cautionary films for the…
Descriptors: Sex Education, Family Life, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Social Change
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Johnson, Larry; Cobb-Roberts, Deirdre; Shircliffe, Barbara – History of Education Quarterly, 2007
The history of public higher education for African Americans in Florida provides an excellent opportunity to examine American institutional and political dynamics. Following World War II, Florida public higher education expanded dramatically, while at the same time, state leaders maintained racial segregation well after "Brown v. Board of…
Descriptors: African American Education, Public Education, Higher Education, Racial Segregation
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Kim, Dongbin; Rury, John L. – History of Education Quarterly, 2007
The 1947 President's Commission on Higher Education, popularly known as the Truman Commission, offered a remarkable vision, one of an expansive, inclusive and diverse system of postsecondary education in the United States. It appeared just as hundreds of thousands of former GIs poured onto the nation's campuses, taking advantage of a little…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Enrollment Trends, Access to Education, Federal Government
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Haimes-Bartolf, Melanie D. – History of Education Quarterly, 2007
This essay argues that Amherst County citizens and policy makers treated Monacan children differently than white, black, and even other Indian students in Virginia and were determined to keep this particular group of children out of "their" schools and out of "their" community. Even despite federal mandates to do otherwise,…
Descriptors: American Indian Education, American Indians, Racial Discrimination, State Legislation
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Weiler, Kathleen – History of Education Quarterly, 2007
The introduction of a loyalty oath for professors at the University of California was part of the nationwide search for political subversives in all key institutions in the late 1940s and early 1950s. By the early 1950s, the panic over political subversives that led to the imposition of a loyalty oath at the University of California had spilled…
Descriptors: Females, State Universities, Educational History, Women Faculty
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Leedy, Todd H. – History of Education Quarterly, 2007
In 1930, the same year in which the segregationist Land Apportionment Act was passed, the governor of Rhodesia addressed a meeting of representatives from the various missionary organizations operating in the colony. He proceeded to argue against the sort of education that might create a class of African intellectuals who would eventually…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Agricultural Education, Christianity
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Labaree, David F. – History of Education Quarterly, 2006
In this article, the author makes two alternative arguments about long-term trends in the history of American colleges and universities. The initial argument is that over the years professional education has gradually subverted liberal education. The counterpoint is that, over the same period of time, liberal education has gradually subverted…
Descriptors: General Education, Professional Education, Higher Education, Educational History
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Provasnik, Stephen – History of Education Quarterly, 2006
A considerable body of scholarship has examined the history of compulsory attendance in the United States in an effort to explain why compulsory attendance laws were enacted, what effects they had on school attendance rates, and what made enforcement of these laws effective eventually. Recent research has revealed that some long-standing…
Descriptors: State Courts, Compulsory Education, Attendance, Federal Legislation
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Erickson, Christine K. – History of Education Quarterly, 2006
This paper focuses on conservative women and education in the 1930s. Conservative women were particularly concerned, if not contentious, about the alleged state of affairs in the schools. Their ideas about education and their imperative, as they saw it, to preserve a patriotic heritage and to agitate against perceived threats to that heritage are…
Descriptors: Females, Political Attitudes, Educational History, Patriotism
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Petrina, Stephen – History of Education Quarterly, 2006
In this article, the author described eight, distinct practices through which schools were medicalized during the last decade of the 19th century and the first three decades of the 20th century. The medicalization of education was summarized in expanding definitions of educational hygiene, encompassing mental, neoscholastic, physical, and school…
Descriptors: Articulation (Education), Physicians, Hygiene, Ethics
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Rury, John L. – History of Education Quarterly, 2006
There is a widely held notion, even among educational historians, that the history of education is an unusual academic specialty, embraced fully by neither the professional world of teaching nor the historical profession. But in fact, the history of education may not be so unusual a specialization. It is one of a number of historical fields of…
Descriptors: Historians, Schools of Education, Educational History, Intellectual Disciplines
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Moss, Hilary J. – History of Education Quarterly, 2006
In the late 1820s, African Americans' access to primary and religious instruction expanded significantly throughout the urban Northeast, yet barriers to their higher education remained firm. Segregated in public "African" schools, blacks were also barred from most private academies. Collegiate education similarly remained out of reach.…
Descriptors: African Americans, Black Colleges, Higher Education, Access to Education
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Tolley, Kim; Beadie, Nancy – History of Education Quarterly, 2006
Much good work has recently been done on the socioeconomic history of teaching in the United States, particularly in relation to the "feminization" of the profession that occurred over the course of the nineteenth century. This article brings together evidence from disparate local sources in both North Carolina and New York to explore…
Descriptors: Teacher Recruitment, Advertising, Travel, Teacher Employment
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Terzian, Sevan G. – History of Education Quarterly, 2006
A host of scholars have illuminated the ways in which schools and other institutions have created and then sustained a vast gender gap in the scientific professions. Many of these studies have focused on overt discrimination: deliberate efforts by men to prevent the entry of women into scientific pursuits. Others have identified subtle and…
Descriptors: Science Careers, Females, High School Students, Women Scientists
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Leroux, Karen – History of Education Quarterly, 2006
Most narratives of teacher activism began at the turn of the twentieth century. Though historians acknowledge the formation of earlier local associations, they tend to dismiss them as merely "social organizations." The clubs that teachers formed between the 1870s and 1890s were indeed social, but the author argues that their social…
Descriptors: Teacher Associations, Teachers, Women Faculty, United States History
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