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Valkanova, Yordanka – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
The Russian Revolution of February 1917 displaced the autocracy of the Romanov royal family and aimed to establish a liberal republican Russia. The Bolsheviks, who came to power a few months later in the revolution of October 1917, announced that their new policy in education "had no analogy in history." Their reforms sought to establish…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Educational Philosophy, Labor, Foreign Countries
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Beyerchen, Alan – History of Education Quarterly, 1982
After World War II, Allied policy toward German science became entangled with issues of reparations and programs at home instead of contributing to the positive reconstruction of Germany. The Americans, the British, and the Russians dealt with German scientists and research institutions in very different ways. (AM)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational History, Policy, Scientific Research
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Wegner, Gregory P. – History of Education Quarterly, 1990
Recounts the dialogue between U. S. and Soviet members of the Allied Kommandatura Education Committee (AKEC) in post World War II Berlin regarding the formation of a new history curriculum for German youth. Concludes that the history curriculum accord represented a U.S.-Soviet desire to use schools as a means of denazifying Berlin youth. (SLM)
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Curriculum Development, Educational History, Educational Philosophy
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Mironov, Boris N. – History of Education Quarterly, 1991
Discusses the history of Russian literacy from Kievan Rus, through the Muscovite period, the Imperial period, and the postrevolutionary Soviet Union. Presents tables of literacy levels for various periods. Discusses evidence, theories, and problems with historians' assumptions. Concludes that, until recently, little impetus existed for the bulk of…
Descriptors: Archaeology, Basic Skills, Clergy, Educational History
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Holmes, Larry E. – History of Education Quarterly, 1973
The progressive stance of Soviet education in the 1920's, reflecting the writings of Dewey, Parkhurst, and Montessori, is related to the political and economic expediencies dictated by Bolshevism. (JH)
Descriptors: Communism, Comparative Education, Educational History, Educational Philosophy
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Brower, Daniel P. – History of Education Quarterly, 1973
The reshaping of man to the Soviet ideal through education is the context within which the author considers three recent books on Soviet education--Shiela Fitzpatrick's "The Commissariat of Enlightenment"; J. J. Tomiak's "The Soviet Union"; and Jean Pennar's "Modernization and Diversity in Soviet Education." (JH)
Descriptors: Communism, Comparative Education, Educational History, Educational Philosophy
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Okenfuss, Max J. – History of Education Quarterly, 1977
Evaluates contributions to Russian pedagogical thought of a pioneering essay on the history of childhood and the family in Russia ("Dva Vospitaniia" by Kliuchevskii, written in 1893). Characterizes the Betskoi schools which were based upon the philosophy described by Kliuchevskii as humanistic, but beset by pedagogical problems and…
Descriptors: Book Reviews, Childhood Interests, Childhood Needs, Comparative Education